Several Ni catalysts of supported (on La 2O 3-αAl 2O 3, CeO 2, and CeO 2-ZrO 2) or bulk types (Ni-La perovskites and NiAl 2O 4 spinel) have been tested in the oxidative steam reforming (OSR) of raw bio-oil, and special attention has been paid to the catalysts’ regenerability by means of studies on reaction-regeneration cycles. The experimental set-up consists of two units in series, for the separation of pyrolytic lignin in the first step (at 500°C) and the on line OSR of the remaining oxygenates in a fluidized bed reactor at 700°C. The spent catalysts have been characterized by N 2 adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction and temperature programmed reduction, and temperature programmed oxidation (TPO). The results reveal that among the supported catalysts, the best balance between activity-H 2 selectivity-stability corresponds to Ni/La 2O 3-αAl 2O 3, due to its smaller Ni 0 particle size. Additionally, it is more selective to H 2 than perovskite catalysts and more stable than both perovskites and the spinel catalyst. However, the activity of the bulk NiAl 2O 4 spinel catalyst can be completely recovered after regeneration by coke combustion at 850°C because the spinel structure is completely recovered, which facilitates the dispersion of Ni in the reduction step prior to reaction. Consequently, this catalyst is suitable for the OSR at a higher scale in reaction-regeneration cycles.
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- H production
- Ni catalyst
- Oxidative steam reforming