Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production

J. Ahokas, E. Güzel, A. Ince, Antti Korpela, Jaakko Asikainen, Marjukka Kujanpää, H. Mikkola, Marja Pitkänen, A. Tamminen, Minna Vikman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents results of the AGRIPAP-project which aim was to develop a low cost, well performing paper mulch as an alternative for plastic mulches. Plastic mulches are predominantly made from polyethylene (PE) which is of fossil origin and it is non-biodegradable. Plastic mulch should be removed from the field after cultivation period in order to avoid mulch accumulation into soil. Due to contaminants, like soil and plant residues, waste plastic can't be recycled but it has to be disposed in a landfill. For paper mulches, the same agricultural advantages were aimed for as those of PE mulches i.e. high yield, good quality of yield, low demand for weeding, and sufficient resistance of weather conditions. The study was started by screening paper qualities suitable for mulching from a group of 32 candidate papers. Their mulching properties were tested in laboratory tests and papers were compared in field trials with biodegradable plastic, PE mulch and bare soil. The most promising paper qualities were chosen to further studies. Additives to control their biodegradability, properties in mechanized laying, impact of mulch quality (composition, color, transparency) on weather resistance, weed growth, soil temperature, and soil water content were also studied. Field experiments carried out in Finland, Turkey, Spain and Swaziland indicated that the best paper mulches performed comparably to conventional PE mulches and biodegradable plastic mulches in terms of yield, weed control, and resistance of weather conditions. Paper mulches can be mixed into soil after growing season and they don't accumulate but they are decomposed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture
PublisherInternational Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
ISBN (Print)978-975-487-197-5
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event12th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture, ADAGENG 2014 - Nevsehir, Turkey
Duration: 3 Sep 20146 Sep 2014

Conference

Conference12th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture, ADAGENG 2014
Abbreviated titleADAGENG 2014
CountryTurkey
CityNevsehir
Period3/09/146/09/14

Fingerprint

mulches
vegetable growing
polyethylene
plastic film mulches
biodegradability
weather
plastics
mulching
weed control
soil
Swaziland
plant residues
landfills
cans
soil temperature
Finland
soil water content
field experimentation
Turkey (country)
fossils

Keywords

  • mulch
  • polyethylene
  • paper

Cite this

Ahokas, J., Güzel, E., Ince, A., Korpela, A., Asikainen, J., Kujanpää, M., ... Vikman, M. (2014). Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production. In Proceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering.
Ahokas, J. ; Güzel, E. ; Ince, A. ; Korpela, Antti ; Asikainen, Jaakko ; Kujanpää, Marjukka ; Mikkola, H. ; Pitkänen, Marja ; Tamminen, A. ; Vikman, Minna. / Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production. Proceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture. International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, 2014.
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title = "Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production",
abstract = "This paper presents results of the AGRIPAP-project which aim was to develop a low cost, well performing paper mulch as an alternative for plastic mulches. Plastic mulches are predominantly made from polyethylene (PE) which is of fossil origin and it is non-biodegradable. Plastic mulch should be removed from the field after cultivation period in order to avoid mulch accumulation into soil. Due to contaminants, like soil and plant residues, waste plastic can't be recycled but it has to be disposed in a landfill. For paper mulches, the same agricultural advantages were aimed for as those of PE mulches i.e. high yield, good quality of yield, low demand for weeding, and sufficient resistance of weather conditions. The study was started by screening paper qualities suitable for mulching from a group of 32 candidate papers. Their mulching properties were tested in laboratory tests and papers were compared in field trials with biodegradable plastic, PE mulch and bare soil. The most promising paper qualities were chosen to further studies. Additives to control their biodegradability, properties in mechanized laying, impact of mulch quality (composition, color, transparency) on weather resistance, weed growth, soil temperature, and soil water content were also studied. Field experiments carried out in Finland, Turkey, Spain and Swaziland indicated that the best paper mulches performed comparably to conventional PE mulches and biodegradable plastic mulches in terms of yield, weed control, and resistance of weather conditions. Paper mulches can be mixed into soil after growing season and they don't accumulate but they are decomposed.",
keywords = "mulch, polyethylene, paper",
author = "J. Ahokas and E. G{\"u}zel and A. Ince and Antti Korpela and Jaakko Asikainen and Marjukka Kujanp{\"a}{\"a} and H. Mikkola and Marja Pitk{\"a}nen and A. Tamminen and Minna Vikman",
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Ahokas, J, Güzel, E, Ince, A, Korpela, A, Asikainen, J, Kujanpää, M, Mikkola, H, Pitkänen, M, Tamminen, A & Vikman, M 2014, Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production. in Proceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture. International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, 12th International Congress on Mechanization and Energy in Agriculture, ADAGENG 2014, Nevsehir, Turkey, 3/09/14.

Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production. / Ahokas, J.; Güzel, E.; Ince, A.; Korpela, Antti; Asikainen, Jaakko; Kujanpää, Marjukka; Mikkola, H.; Pitkänen, Marja; Tamminen, A.; Vikman, Minna.

Proceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture. International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production

AU - Ahokas, J.

AU - Güzel, E.

AU - Ince, A.

AU - Korpela, Antti

AU - Asikainen, Jaakko

AU - Kujanpää, Marjukka

AU - Mikkola, H.

AU - Pitkänen, Marja

AU - Tamminen, A.

AU - Vikman, Minna

N1 - Project code: 70710

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This paper presents results of the AGRIPAP-project which aim was to develop a low cost, well performing paper mulch as an alternative for plastic mulches. Plastic mulches are predominantly made from polyethylene (PE) which is of fossil origin and it is non-biodegradable. Plastic mulch should be removed from the field after cultivation period in order to avoid mulch accumulation into soil. Due to contaminants, like soil and plant residues, waste plastic can't be recycled but it has to be disposed in a landfill. For paper mulches, the same agricultural advantages were aimed for as those of PE mulches i.e. high yield, good quality of yield, low demand for weeding, and sufficient resistance of weather conditions. The study was started by screening paper qualities suitable for mulching from a group of 32 candidate papers. Their mulching properties were tested in laboratory tests and papers were compared in field trials with biodegradable plastic, PE mulch and bare soil. The most promising paper qualities were chosen to further studies. Additives to control their biodegradability, properties in mechanized laying, impact of mulch quality (composition, color, transparency) on weather resistance, weed growth, soil temperature, and soil water content were also studied. Field experiments carried out in Finland, Turkey, Spain and Swaziland indicated that the best paper mulches performed comparably to conventional PE mulches and biodegradable plastic mulches in terms of yield, weed control, and resistance of weather conditions. Paper mulches can be mixed into soil after growing season and they don't accumulate but they are decomposed.

AB - This paper presents results of the AGRIPAP-project which aim was to develop a low cost, well performing paper mulch as an alternative for plastic mulches. Plastic mulches are predominantly made from polyethylene (PE) which is of fossil origin and it is non-biodegradable. Plastic mulch should be removed from the field after cultivation period in order to avoid mulch accumulation into soil. Due to contaminants, like soil and plant residues, waste plastic can't be recycled but it has to be disposed in a landfill. For paper mulches, the same agricultural advantages were aimed for as those of PE mulches i.e. high yield, good quality of yield, low demand for weeding, and sufficient resistance of weather conditions. The study was started by screening paper qualities suitable for mulching from a group of 32 candidate papers. Their mulching properties were tested in laboratory tests and papers were compared in field trials with biodegradable plastic, PE mulch and bare soil. The most promising paper qualities were chosen to further studies. Additives to control their biodegradability, properties in mechanized laying, impact of mulch quality (composition, color, transparency) on weather resistance, weed growth, soil temperature, and soil water content were also studied. Field experiments carried out in Finland, Turkey, Spain and Swaziland indicated that the best paper mulches performed comparably to conventional PE mulches and biodegradable plastic mulches in terms of yield, weed control, and resistance of weather conditions. Paper mulches can be mixed into soil after growing season and they don't accumulate but they are decomposed.

KW - mulch

KW - polyethylene

KW - paper

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-975-487-197-5

BT - Proceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture

PB - International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

ER -

Ahokas J, Güzel E, Ince A, Korpela A, Asikainen J, Kujanpää M et al. Paper Based Mulches as an Alternative to Polyethylene Mulch in Vegetable Production. In Proceedings of the 12th international congress on mechanization and energy in agriculture. International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering. 2014