Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference AbstractScientific

Abstract

The aim of this work was to improve the mechanical performance of CNF film with a post-crosslinking chemistry leading to a fully cellulosic film structure. Typically, pure CNF films have poor wet-strength performances due to the inherent hygroscopicity of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). This wet-performance can be improved with added polymeric materials that can mechanically bridge fibrils, or with added substances that can glue or coat the film matrix. The all-cellulose concept is a vital approach to increase the extent of permanent fibril-fibril linkages in a CNF film, when it is targeted to a fully cellulosic film structure. In this study, we utilize the partial dissolution approach with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), which is a powerful cellulose solvent. NMMO was impregnated into the CNF film structure from a methanol solution followed by a heat activation in dry conditions using simple hot-calendering approach. The study shows that the fibril structure of the CNF film existed after the NMMO dissolution. It was observed that a simultaneous heating and compression step was required to achieve embedding of fibrils during regeneration. After heat activation, the treated CNF films were purified with methanol to remove NMMO from the film structure. The used treatment elevated the mechanical performance of the CNF-films significantly. The dry strength of the reinforced CNF film was increased from 122 MPa up to 195 MPa. The wet strength of the reinforced CNF film was up to 75 % from the dry strength of a pure CNF film. The investigated robust and fast method can be utilized to produce CNF films for applications where improved water resistance and fully cellulosic structures are required characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event253rd ACS National Meeting - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2 Apr 20176 Apr 2017

Conference

Conference253rd ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period2/04/176/04/17

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nanofibers
films (materials)
chemistry
cellulose
oxides
heat
methanol

Cite this

Orelma, H., Korpela, A., Kunnari, V., Suurnäkki, A., Tammelin, T., & Harlin, A. (2017). Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films. Abstract from 253rd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, United States.
Orelma, Hannes ; Korpela, Antti ; Kunnari, Vesa ; Suurnäkki, Anna ; Tammelin, Tekla ; Harlin, Ali. / Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films. Abstract from 253rd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, United States.
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author = "Hannes Orelma and Antti Korpela and Vesa Kunnari and Anna Suurn{\"a}kki and Tekla Tammelin and Ali Harlin",
note = "Abstract; 253rd ACS National Meeting ; Conference date: 02-04-2017 Through 06-04-2017",
year = "2017",
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Orelma, H, Korpela, A, Kunnari, V, Suurnäkki, A, Tammelin, T & Harlin, A 2017, 'Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films' 253rd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, United States, 2/04/17 - 6/04/17, .

Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films. / Orelma, Hannes; Korpela, Antti; Kunnari, Vesa; Suurnäkki, Anna; Tammelin, Tekla; Harlin, Ali.

2017. Abstract from 253rd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference AbstractScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films

AU - Orelma, Hannes

AU - Korpela, Antti

AU - Kunnari, Vesa

AU - Suurnäkki, Anna

AU - Tammelin, Tekla

AU - Harlin, Ali

N1 - Abstract

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The aim of this work was to improve the mechanical performance of CNF film with a post-crosslinking chemistry leading to a fully cellulosic film structure. Typically, pure CNF films have poor wet-strength performances due to the inherent hygroscopicity of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). This wet-performance can be improved with added polymeric materials that can mechanically bridge fibrils, or with added substances that can glue or coat the film matrix. The all-cellulose concept is a vital approach to increase the extent of permanent fibril-fibril linkages in a CNF film, when it is targeted to a fully cellulosic film structure. In this study, we utilize the partial dissolution approach with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), which is a powerful cellulose solvent. NMMO was impregnated into the CNF film structure from a methanol solution followed by a heat activation in dry conditions using simple hot-calendering approach. The study shows that the fibril structure of the CNF film existed after the NMMO dissolution. It was observed that a simultaneous heating and compression step was required to achieve embedding of fibrils during regeneration. After heat activation, the treated CNF films were purified with methanol to remove NMMO from the film structure. The used treatment elevated the mechanical performance of the CNF-films significantly. The dry strength of the reinforced CNF film was increased from 122 MPa up to 195 MPa. The wet strength of the reinforced CNF film was up to 75 % from the dry strength of a pure CNF film. The investigated robust and fast method can be utilized to produce CNF films for applications where improved water resistance and fully cellulosic structures are required characteristics.

AB - The aim of this work was to improve the mechanical performance of CNF film with a post-crosslinking chemistry leading to a fully cellulosic film structure. Typically, pure CNF films have poor wet-strength performances due to the inherent hygroscopicity of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). This wet-performance can be improved with added polymeric materials that can mechanically bridge fibrils, or with added substances that can glue or coat the film matrix. The all-cellulose concept is a vital approach to increase the extent of permanent fibril-fibril linkages in a CNF film, when it is targeted to a fully cellulosic film structure. In this study, we utilize the partial dissolution approach with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), which is a powerful cellulose solvent. NMMO was impregnated into the CNF film structure from a methanol solution followed by a heat activation in dry conditions using simple hot-calendering approach. The study shows that the fibril structure of the CNF film existed after the NMMO dissolution. It was observed that a simultaneous heating and compression step was required to achieve embedding of fibrils during regeneration. After heat activation, the treated CNF films were purified with methanol to remove NMMO from the film structure. The used treatment elevated the mechanical performance of the CNF-films significantly. The dry strength of the reinforced CNF film was increased from 122 MPa up to 195 MPa. The wet strength of the reinforced CNF film was up to 75 % from the dry strength of a pure CNF film. The investigated robust and fast method can be utilized to produce CNF films for applications where improved water resistance and fully cellulosic structures are required characteristics.

M3 - Conference Abstract

ER -

Orelma H, Korpela A, Kunnari V, Suurnäkki A, Tammelin T, Harlin A. Partial dissolution as a reinforcing chemistry for CNF films. 2017. Abstract from 253rd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, United States.