Particle and Gaseous Emissions from Marine Engines Utilizing Various Fuels and Aftertreatment Systems

Kati Lehtoranta, Päivi Aakko-Saksa, Timo Murtonen, Hannu Vesala, Niina Kuittinen, Topi Rönkkö, Leónidas Ntziachristos, Panu Karjalainen, Hilkka Timonen, Kimmo Teinilä

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

    Abstract

    Shipping is facing major challenges with decarbonising targets (2050) and tightening emission regulations. SOx is already limited in the Emission Control Areas (ECA), and global limit for fuel sulphur content of 0.5 wt-% will apply in 2020. Tight Tier III NOx limits are applied for new builds in the NOx ECAs. So far, there is not explicit particulate matter (PM) emission limit, globally. However, there is a growing concern towards particle emissions and limits exist for PM in some special areas like inland waterways (in Europe) where also particle number (PN) emissions will be limited in 2020. In addition, IMO's work related to black carbon (BC) at the moment, anticipates BC limit coming in near future. Meeting the current and future limits will require careful consideration as many technologies are still developing and some are characterized by the short-term supply problems. Utilization of alternative fuels and after-treatment systems, like scrubbers and catalysts, is increasing. In present study, we have explored different emission reduction technologies for marine engines by experiments done onboard and engine laboratory. Various gaseous emissions, including e.g. SOx and NOx, and particle emissions, including PM, PN and BC, were studied. Measurements were done onboard two different ships, one being a modern cruising ship equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and a hybrid scrubber, and the other one a RoPax ship equipped with a seawater scrubber. In addition, laboratory measurements were conducted with a medium speed marine engine using various fuels containing sulphur from 2.2% to below 0.1% and with a biofuel. Measurements were also done with natural gas as the main fuel in dual fuel mode. Different engine loadings representing both higher loads (typical operation at sea) and lower loads (typical at harbor areas) were studied. In this paper, we present the gaseous and particle emissions of the experiments done utilizing different fuels and after-treatment systems. We discuss the effectiveness of the relevant clean technologies (distillate fuels, biofuel, LNG, scrubber and SCR) to reduce emissions from marine engines.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCIMAC Technical Paper Database
    Number of pages13
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
    Event29th CIMAC World Congress on Combustion Engine - Vancouver, Vancouver, Canada
    Duration: 10 Jun 201914 Jun 2019
    http://www.cimaccongress.com

    Conference

    Conference29th CIMAC World Congress on Combustion Engine
    CountryCanada
    CityVancouver
    Period10/06/1914/06/19
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    engine
    black carbon
    particulate matter
    biofuel
    sulfur
    alternative fuel
    particle
    emission control
    shipping
    natural gas
    harbor
    experiment
    catalyst
    seawater
    ship

    Cite this

    Lehtoranta, Kati ; Aakko-Saksa, Päivi ; Murtonen, Timo ; Vesala, Hannu ; Kuittinen, Niina ; Rönkkö, Topi ; Ntziachristos, Leónidas ; Karjalainen, Panu ; Timonen, Hilkka ; Teinilä, Kimmo. / Particle and Gaseous Emissions from Marine Engines Utilizing Various Fuels and Aftertreatment Systems. CIMAC Technical Paper Database. 2019.
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    title = "Particle and Gaseous Emissions from Marine Engines Utilizing Various Fuels and Aftertreatment Systems",
    abstract = "Shipping is facing major challenges with decarbonising targets (2050) and tightening emission regulations. SOx is already limited in the Emission Control Areas (ECA), and global limit for fuel sulphur content of 0.5 wt-{\%} will apply in 2020. Tight Tier III NOx limits are applied for new builds in the NOx ECAs. So far, there is not explicit particulate matter (PM) emission limit, globally. However, there is a growing concern towards particle emissions and limits exist for PM in some special areas like inland waterways (in Europe) where also particle number (PN) emissions will be limited in 2020. In addition, IMO's work related to black carbon (BC) at the moment, anticipates BC limit coming in near future. Meeting the current and future limits will require careful consideration as many technologies are still developing and some are characterized by the short-term supply problems. Utilization of alternative fuels and after-treatment systems, like scrubbers and catalysts, is increasing. In present study, we have explored different emission reduction technologies for marine engines by experiments done onboard and engine laboratory. Various gaseous emissions, including e.g. SOx and NOx, and particle emissions, including PM, PN and BC, were studied. Measurements were done onboard two different ships, one being a modern cruising ship equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and a hybrid scrubber, and the other one a RoPax ship equipped with a seawater scrubber. In addition, laboratory measurements were conducted with a medium speed marine engine using various fuels containing sulphur from 2.2{\%} to below 0.1{\%} and with a biofuel. Measurements were also done with natural gas as the main fuel in dual fuel mode. Different engine loadings representing both higher loads (typical operation at sea) and lower loads (typical at harbor areas) were studied. In this paper, we present the gaseous and particle emissions of the experiments done utilizing different fuels and after-treatment systems. We discuss the effectiveness of the relevant clean technologies (distillate fuels, biofuel, LNG, scrubber and SCR) to reduce emissions from marine engines.",
    author = "Kati Lehtoranta and P{\"a}ivi Aakko-Saksa and Timo Murtonen and Hannu Vesala and Niina Kuittinen and Topi R{\"o}nkk{\"o} and Le{\'o}nidas Ntziachristos and Panu Karjalainen and Hilkka Timonen and Kimmo Teinil{\"a}",
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    Lehtoranta, K, Aakko-Saksa, P, Murtonen, T, Vesala, H, Kuittinen, N, Rönkkö, T, Ntziachristos, L, Karjalainen, P, Timonen, H & Teinilä, K 2019, Particle and Gaseous Emissions from Marine Engines Utilizing Various Fuels and Aftertreatment Systems. in CIMAC Technical Paper Database., 399, 29th CIMAC World Congress on Combustion Engine, Vancouver, Canada, 10/06/19.

    Particle and Gaseous Emissions from Marine Engines Utilizing Various Fuels and Aftertreatment Systems. / Lehtoranta, Kati; Aakko-Saksa, Päivi; Murtonen, Timo; Vesala, Hannu; Kuittinen, Niina; Rönkkö, Topi; Ntziachristos, Leónidas; Karjalainen, Panu; Timonen, Hilkka; Teinilä, Kimmo.

    CIMAC Technical Paper Database. 2019. 399.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

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    AU - Lehtoranta, Kati

    AU - Aakko-Saksa, Päivi

    AU - Murtonen, Timo

    AU - Vesala, Hannu

    AU - Kuittinen, Niina

    AU - Rönkkö, Topi

    AU - Ntziachristos, Leónidas

    AU - Karjalainen, Panu

    AU - Timonen, Hilkka

    AU - Teinilä, Kimmo

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