Particle-in-cell simulation of parasitic absorption of lower hybrid power in edge plasmas of tokamaks

Karin Rantamäki, Timo Pättikangas, Seppo Karttunen, X Litaudon, D Moreau, P Bibet, A Ekedahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In lower hybrid (LH) current drive experiments at Tore Supra and Tokamak de Varennes (TdeV), hot spots and the generation of impurities have been observed. Melting of the grill mouth has also occurred in LH current drive experiments. A possible explanation for these observations is parasitic absorption of the short-wavelength part of the LH spectrum close to the grill mouth.

In this work, we investigate the parasitic absorption of the LH power in the edge plasma of Tore Supra and JET with particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. The LH spectra are calculated with the SWAN coupling code and used in the self-consistent electrostatic PIC code XPDP2 which calculates the absorption.

The absorption was calculated for different edge densities and density scale lengths when the coupled LH power densities varied between 25 MW m-2 and 50 MW m-2. The high-n|| part of the LH spectrum was found to be absorbed near the edge within a few millimetres. The absorbed power density varied from 65 kW m-2 to 420 kW m-2 which corresponds to 0.2-0.8% of the coupled power. In an edge plasma having a temperature of 25 eV, the maximum energies of the fast electrons generated by the parasitic absorption were between 0.4 keV and 1.6 keV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1125-1133
Number of pages9
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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