Particle production and anatase formation in amorphous particles at in-droplet hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide

Petri Ahonen, Olivier Richard, E.I. Kauppinen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anatase crystallization in amorphous particles was investigated during droplet-to-particle synthesis of titania. Ethanolic solution of carboxylic acid-modified titanium tetrabutoxide precursor, including water, was dispersed and conveyed to a tube flow reactor at 350–600°C. The formed submicron-sized particles were characterized by aerosol measurements, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. An aerosol number mode was observed at particle diameter of 250 nm representing the particles formed of droplet drying. Additional ultrafine particles were formed in air atmosphere at 450°C and in nitrogen at 600°C from decomposition and outgassing of precursor species and a subsequent particle formation. An anatase crystalline phase was observed in the particles produced at 500°C in nitrogen. The location of anatase formation was investigated by TEM from thinned sections of the particles. The crystals were observed near the surfaces and indicating columnar growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2017-2025
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

particle production
alkoxides
Titanium
anatase
Titanium dioxide
hydrolysis
Hydrolysis
titanium
Particles (particulate matter)
Aerosols
Nitrogen
Degassing
Pipe flow
Carboxylic acids
Electron microscopy
Drying
Carboxylic Acids
Crystallization
Crystalline materials
Transmission electron microscopy

Cite this

Ahonen, Petri ; Richard, Olivier ; Kauppinen, E.I. / Particle production and anatase formation in amorphous particles at in-droplet hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide. In: Materials Research Bulletin. 2001 ; Vol. 36, No. 11. pp. 2017-2025.
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abstract = "Anatase crystallization in amorphous particles was investigated during droplet-to-particle synthesis of titania. Ethanolic solution of carboxylic acid-modified titanium tetrabutoxide precursor, including water, was dispersed and conveyed to a tube flow reactor at 350–600°C. The formed submicron-sized particles were characterized by aerosol measurements, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. An aerosol number mode was observed at particle diameter of 250 nm representing the particles formed of droplet drying. Additional ultrafine particles were formed in air atmosphere at 450°C and in nitrogen at 600°C from decomposition and outgassing of precursor species and a subsequent particle formation. An anatase crystalline phase was observed in the particles produced at 500°C in nitrogen. The location of anatase formation was investigated by TEM from thinned sections of the particles. The crystals were observed near the surfaces and indicating columnar growth.",
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Particle production and anatase formation in amorphous particles at in-droplet hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide. / Ahonen, Petri; Richard, Olivier; Kauppinen, E.I. (Corresponding Author).

In: Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 36, No. 11, 2001, p. 2017-2025.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Particle production and anatase formation in amorphous particles at in-droplet hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide

AU - Ahonen, Petri

AU - Richard, Olivier

AU - Kauppinen, E.I.

N1 - Project code: K7SU00028

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Anatase crystallization in amorphous particles was investigated during droplet-to-particle synthesis of titania. Ethanolic solution of carboxylic acid-modified titanium tetrabutoxide precursor, including water, was dispersed and conveyed to a tube flow reactor at 350–600°C. The formed submicron-sized particles were characterized by aerosol measurements, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. An aerosol number mode was observed at particle diameter of 250 nm representing the particles formed of droplet drying. Additional ultrafine particles were formed in air atmosphere at 450°C and in nitrogen at 600°C from decomposition and outgassing of precursor species and a subsequent particle formation. An anatase crystalline phase was observed in the particles produced at 500°C in nitrogen. The location of anatase formation was investigated by TEM from thinned sections of the particles. The crystals were observed near the surfaces and indicating columnar growth.

AB - Anatase crystallization in amorphous particles was investigated during droplet-to-particle synthesis of titania. Ethanolic solution of carboxylic acid-modified titanium tetrabutoxide precursor, including water, was dispersed and conveyed to a tube flow reactor at 350–600°C. The formed submicron-sized particles were characterized by aerosol measurements, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. An aerosol number mode was observed at particle diameter of 250 nm representing the particles formed of droplet drying. Additional ultrafine particles were formed in air atmosphere at 450°C and in nitrogen at 600°C from decomposition and outgassing of precursor species and a subsequent particle formation. An anatase crystalline phase was observed in the particles produced at 500°C in nitrogen. The location of anatase formation was investigated by TEM from thinned sections of the particles. The crystals were observed near the surfaces and indicating columnar growth.

U2 - 10.1016/S0025-5408(01)00679-1

DO - 10.1016/S0025-5408(01)00679-1

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SP - 2017

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