Particle simulations of efficient fast electron generation near the cutoff layer of an electrostatic wave

Seppo Karttunen, Timo Pättikangas, Tuomas Tala, R. Cairns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Fast electron generation near the cutoff of an electrostatic plasma wave is investigated by particle-in-cell simulations and test particle calculations. Intense electron plasma waves which are excited in an underdense plasma region propagate up the density gradient until they are reflected from the cutoff layer. The density gradient affects the fast electron generation by the wave considerably. At low densities, the phase velocity is fairly close to the thermal distribution, which leads to wave-particle interactions with a large electron population. The trapped electrons are accelerated by the electron plasma wave with increasing phase velocity resulting in a very large and energetic population behind the cutoff layer. Since the accelerating electrons receive energy, the wave must be damped. A simple model based on the conservation of the energy of the wave and the trapped electrons is developed to describe the damping mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3515 - 3526
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review E: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

electrostatic waves
Electrostatics
cut-off
Electron
plasma waves
electron plasma
Simulation
electrons
phase velocity
Plasma
simulation
Phase Velocity
wave-particle interactions
gradients
conservation
Gradient
damping
electron energy
Energy
Damped

Cite this

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title = "Particle simulations of efficient fast electron generation near the cutoff layer of an electrostatic wave",
abstract = "Fast electron generation near the cutoff of an electrostatic plasma wave is investigated by particle-in-cell simulations and test particle calculations. Intense electron plasma waves which are excited in an underdense plasma region propagate up the density gradient until they are reflected from the cutoff layer. The density gradient affects the fast electron generation by the wave considerably. At low densities, the phase velocity is fairly close to the thermal distribution, which leads to wave-particle interactions with a large electron population. The trapped electrons are accelerated by the electron plasma wave with increasing phase velocity resulting in a very large and energetic population behind the cutoff layer. Since the accelerating electrons receive energy, the wave must be damped. A simple model based on the conservation of the energy of the wave and the trapped electrons is developed to describe the damping mechanism.",
author = "Seppo Karttunen and Timo P{\"a}ttikangas and Tuomas Tala and R. Cairns",
year = "1997",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevE.56.3515",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "3515 -- 3526",
journal = "Physical review E",
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publisher = "American Physical Society",
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Particle simulations of efficient fast electron generation near the cutoff layer of an electrostatic wave. / Karttunen, Seppo; Pättikangas, Timo; Tala, Tuomas; Cairns, R.

In: Physical Review E: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, Vol. 56, No. 3, 1997, p. 3515 - 3526.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Particle simulations of efficient fast electron generation near the cutoff layer of an electrostatic wave

AU - Karttunen, Seppo

AU - Pättikangas, Timo

AU - Tala, Tuomas

AU - Cairns, R.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Fast electron generation near the cutoff of an electrostatic plasma wave is investigated by particle-in-cell simulations and test particle calculations. Intense electron plasma waves which are excited in an underdense plasma region propagate up the density gradient until they are reflected from the cutoff layer. The density gradient affects the fast electron generation by the wave considerably. At low densities, the phase velocity is fairly close to the thermal distribution, which leads to wave-particle interactions with a large electron population. The trapped electrons are accelerated by the electron plasma wave with increasing phase velocity resulting in a very large and energetic population behind the cutoff layer. Since the accelerating electrons receive energy, the wave must be damped. A simple model based on the conservation of the energy of the wave and the trapped electrons is developed to describe the damping mechanism.

AB - Fast electron generation near the cutoff of an electrostatic plasma wave is investigated by particle-in-cell simulations and test particle calculations. Intense electron plasma waves which are excited in an underdense plasma region propagate up the density gradient until they are reflected from the cutoff layer. The density gradient affects the fast electron generation by the wave considerably. At low densities, the phase velocity is fairly close to the thermal distribution, which leads to wave-particle interactions with a large electron population. The trapped electrons are accelerated by the electron plasma wave with increasing phase velocity resulting in a very large and energetic population behind the cutoff layer. Since the accelerating electrons receive energy, the wave must be damped. A simple model based on the conservation of the energy of the wave and the trapped electrons is developed to describe the damping mechanism.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.56.3515

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.56.3515

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JO - Physical review E

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