Passivation mechanism of iron in concentrated phosphoric acid

Martin Bojinov (Corresponding Author), Iva Betova, Gunilla Fabricius, Timo Laitinen, R. Raicheff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The passivation process of pure iron in 85% H3PO4 was studied by conventional and rotating ring-disk voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, and dc contact electric resistance (CER) techniques. The evolution of the film resistance as a function of potential in the passivation domain, demonstrated that the passivation of iron is most probably due to an adsorbed layer or a fairly conductive precursor film. Rotating ring-disk studies indicated the release of both soluble Fe(II) and Fe(III) in the passivation domain, a peak in the release of Fe(III) coinciding with the active-to-passive transition. Impedance spectra of Fe passivation, with a peculiar shape circling the origin of the complex plane, were found to be qualitatively analogous to those for a range of metals in concentrated acidic solutions. A kinetic model is proposed which reproduces quantitatively the steady-state and ac impedance results in the passivation region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-65
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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