Peat-based HTW-plant at Oulu

Jorma Koljonen, Esa Kurkela, Carl Wilén

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kemira Oy has built a demonstration ammonia plant based on peat. The cost of the project amounted to FIM 230 million. Production was started in the autumn of 1988. The existing oil-based ammonia plant was modified to use peat additionally in production.

Peat gasification was in production use with partial capacity for thousands of hours together with oil gasification. The problems encountered were due to the heterogeneous quality of peat. Difficulties were also caused by the high naphthalene content of gas and by blockages in the cyclone-recycle pipe of the gasification. Technical solutions for these problems were available, which proves that the production of synthesis gas and ammonia from peat on a commercial scale is technically possible.

Extensive research supporting the commercial peat-ammonia venture was carried out within the JALO research programme in co-operation between Kemira and the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT). The experience obtained in these projects is alse relevant to the development of IGCC power technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95 - 102
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume46
Issue number1 - 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Peat
peat
Ammonia
ammonia
Gasification
Oils
Synthesis gas
oil
Naphthalene
naphthalene
gas
research program
cyclone
Demonstrations
pipe
Gases
autumn
Pipe
cost
gasification

Cite this

Koljonen, Jorma ; Kurkela, Esa ; Wilén, Carl. / Peat-based HTW-plant at Oulu. In: Bioresource Technology. 1993 ; Vol. 46, No. 1 - 2. pp. 95 - 102.
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Peat-based HTW-plant at Oulu. / Koljonen, Jorma; Kurkela, Esa; Wilén, Carl.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 46, No. 1 - 2, 1993, p. 95 - 102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Peat-based HTW-plant at Oulu

AU - Koljonen, Jorma

AU - Kurkela, Esa

AU - Wilén, Carl

N1 - Project code: POV9001

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N2 - Kemira Oy has built a demonstration ammonia plant based on peat. The cost of the project amounted to FIM 230 million. Production was started in the autumn of 1988. The existing oil-based ammonia plant was modified to use peat additionally in production.Peat gasification was in production use with partial capacity for thousands of hours together with oil gasification. The problems encountered were due to the heterogeneous quality of peat. Difficulties were also caused by the high naphthalene content of gas and by blockages in the cyclone-recycle pipe of the gasification. Technical solutions for these problems were available, which proves that the production of synthesis gas and ammonia from peat on a commercial scale is technically possible.Extensive research supporting the commercial peat-ammonia venture was carried out within the JALO research programme in co-operation between Kemira and the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT). The experience obtained in these projects is alse relevant to the development of IGCC power technology.

AB - Kemira Oy has built a demonstration ammonia plant based on peat. The cost of the project amounted to FIM 230 million. Production was started in the autumn of 1988. The existing oil-based ammonia plant was modified to use peat additionally in production.Peat gasification was in production use with partial capacity for thousands of hours together with oil gasification. The problems encountered were due to the heterogeneous quality of peat. Difficulties were also caused by the high naphthalene content of gas and by blockages in the cyclone-recycle pipe of the gasification. Technical solutions for these problems were available, which proves that the production of synthesis gas and ammonia from peat on a commercial scale is technically possible.Extensive research supporting the commercial peat-ammonia venture was carried out within the JALO research programme in co-operation between Kemira and the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT). The experience obtained in these projects is alse relevant to the development of IGCC power technology.

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