Pedestrian behavior and exit selection in evacuation of a corridor: An experimental study

S. Heliövaara (Corresponding Author), J.-M. Kuusinen, Tuomo Rinne, Timo Korhonen, H. Ehtamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

In this paper, we present an experiment whose purpose was to study evacuees’ exit selection under different behavioral objectives. The experiment was conducted in a corridor with two exits located asymmetrically. This geometry was used to make most participants face a nontrivial decision on which exit to use. We analyze the behavior on a macroscopic level using statistical methods. Our results suggest that the members of an evacuating crowd may not be able to make optimal decisions when assessing the fastest exit to evacuate. In addition, the egress time of the whole crowd turns out to be shorter when the evacuees behave egoistically instead of behaving cooperatively. This is an interesting result because many studies on real emergencies show that evacuees tend to cooperate and act altruistically.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
JournalSafety Science
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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pedestrian
Emergencies
experiment
statistical method
Statistical methods
Experiments
mathematics
Geometry
Pedestrians
time

Keywords

  • Cooperation
  • egress experiment
  • exit selection
  • pedestrian behavior

Cite this

Heliövaara, S. ; Kuusinen, J.-M. ; Rinne, Tuomo ; Korhonen, Timo ; Ehtamo, H. / Pedestrian behavior and exit selection in evacuation of a corridor : An experimental study. In: Safety Science. 2012 ; Vol. 50, No. 2. pp. 221-227.
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Pedestrian behavior and exit selection in evacuation of a corridor : An experimental study. / Heliövaara, S. (Corresponding Author); Kuusinen, J.-M.; Rinne, Tuomo; Korhonen, Timo; Ehtamo, H.

In: Safety Science, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2012, p. 221-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Ehtamo, H.

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