PEMFC anode side system optimization studies

Henri Karimäki, Kaj Nikiforow, Timo Keränen, Jari Ihonen

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientific

    Abstract

    PEMFC systems are usually operated in dead-end mode with hydrogen recirculation and periodic purge. This enables high hydrogen utilization, but also makes the system prone to accumulation of inert gases, condensed water and fuel contaminants. Optimizing the anode balance of plant (BoP) and developing a control strategy to manage these drawbacks is essential to PEMFC system performance, life-time and cost. The most important parameters to optimize from the view of anode control strategy are: i) purging cycle to remove inert gases and excess water from the anode; and ii) anode gas recirculation rate to humidify inlet gas and reduce mass transfer losses. These parameters are always system dependent. In this work, a PEMFC test bench equipped with an on-line hydrogen concentration sensor has been built to facilitate different system level studies, with emphasis on anode side BoP and control strategy optimization. Some preliminary results needed for anode purge cycle optimization are presented
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventFuel Cell Seminar 2011 - Orlando, FL, United States
    Duration: 31 Oct 20113 Nov 2011

    Conference

    ConferenceFuel Cell Seminar 2011
    CountryUnited States
    CityOrlando, FL
    Period31/10/113/11/11

    Fingerprint

    Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
    Anodes
    Inert gases
    Hydrogen
    Purging
    Gases
    Water
    Mass transfer
    Impurities
    Sensors
    Costs

    Keywords

    • System optimization
    • anode purge
    • inert gas build-up

    Cite this

    Karimäki, H., Nikiforow, K., Keränen, T., & Ihonen, J. (2011). PEMFC anode side system optimization studies. Fuel Cell Seminar 2011, Orlando, FL, United States.
    Karimäki, Henri ; Nikiforow, Kaj ; Keränen, Timo ; Ihonen, Jari. / PEMFC anode side system optimization studies. Fuel Cell Seminar 2011, Orlando, FL, United States.
    @conference{af2cad6c844e4342b953bc4580ba4fff,
    title = "PEMFC anode side system optimization studies",
    abstract = "PEMFC systems are usually operated in dead-end mode with hydrogen recirculation and periodic purge. This enables high hydrogen utilization, but also makes the system prone to accumulation of inert gases, condensed water and fuel contaminants. Optimizing the anode balance of plant (BoP) and developing a control strategy to manage these drawbacks is essential to PEMFC system performance, life-time and cost. The most important parameters to optimize from the view of anode control strategy are: i) purging cycle to remove inert gases and excess water from the anode; and ii) anode gas recirculation rate to humidify inlet gas and reduce mass transfer losses. These parameters are always system dependent. In this work, a PEMFC test bench equipped with an on-line hydrogen concentration sensor has been built to facilitate different system level studies, with emphasis on anode side BoP and control strategy optimization. Some preliminary results needed for anode purge cycle optimization are presented",
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    author = "Henri Karim{\"a}ki and Kaj Nikiforow and Timo Ker{\"a}nen and Jari Ihonen",
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    Karimäki, H, Nikiforow, K, Keränen, T & Ihonen, J 2011, 'PEMFC anode side system optimization studies', Fuel Cell Seminar 2011, Orlando, FL, United States, 31/10/11 - 3/11/11.

    PEMFC anode side system optimization studies. / Karimäki, Henri; Nikiforow, Kaj; Keränen, Timo; Ihonen, Jari.

    2011. Fuel Cell Seminar 2011, Orlando, FL, United States.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther conference contributionScientific

    TY - CONF

    T1 - PEMFC anode side system optimization studies

    AU - Karimäki, Henri

    AU - Nikiforow, Kaj

    AU - Keränen, Timo

    AU - Ihonen, Jari

    N1 - Project code: 41909 TOPDrive

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - PEMFC systems are usually operated in dead-end mode with hydrogen recirculation and periodic purge. This enables high hydrogen utilization, but also makes the system prone to accumulation of inert gases, condensed water and fuel contaminants. Optimizing the anode balance of plant (BoP) and developing a control strategy to manage these drawbacks is essential to PEMFC system performance, life-time and cost. The most important parameters to optimize from the view of anode control strategy are: i) purging cycle to remove inert gases and excess water from the anode; and ii) anode gas recirculation rate to humidify inlet gas and reduce mass transfer losses. These parameters are always system dependent. In this work, a PEMFC test bench equipped with an on-line hydrogen concentration sensor has been built to facilitate different system level studies, with emphasis on anode side BoP and control strategy optimization. Some preliminary results needed for anode purge cycle optimization are presented

    AB - PEMFC systems are usually operated in dead-end mode with hydrogen recirculation and periodic purge. This enables high hydrogen utilization, but also makes the system prone to accumulation of inert gases, condensed water and fuel contaminants. Optimizing the anode balance of plant (BoP) and developing a control strategy to manage these drawbacks is essential to PEMFC system performance, life-time and cost. The most important parameters to optimize from the view of anode control strategy are: i) purging cycle to remove inert gases and excess water from the anode; and ii) anode gas recirculation rate to humidify inlet gas and reduce mass transfer losses. These parameters are always system dependent. In this work, a PEMFC test bench equipped with an on-line hydrogen concentration sensor has been built to facilitate different system level studies, with emphasis on anode side BoP and control strategy optimization. Some preliminary results needed for anode purge cycle optimization are presented

    KW - System optimization

    KW - anode purge

    KW - inert gas build-up

    M3 - Other conference contribution

    ER -

    Karimäki H, Nikiforow K, Keränen T, Ihonen J. PEMFC anode side system optimization studies. 2011. Fuel Cell Seminar 2011, Orlando, FL, United States.