People over process: Key challenges in agile development

K. Conboy, S. Coyle, X. Wang, Minna Pikkarainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    165 Citations (Scopus)


    There's a common perception that, although developers might experience some "teething" problems during the initial transition to agile methods, they're much happier, more engaged, and ultimately more productive with agile methods. However, this belief might not always hold true. Case studies identified many serious "people" challenges that 17 large multinational organizations experienced after using agile methods for more than three years. Challenges range from recruitment of agile staff to training, motivation, and performance evaluation. The studies produced a set of actionable recommendations on how organizations can overcome these challenges on the basis of better practices uncovered during the studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)48-57
    Number of pages9
    JournalIEEE Software
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Adoption
    • agile
    • agile software development
    • developers
    • methodologies
    • people factors
    • software development
    • software engineering


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