Perceived loneliness among home-dwelling older adults with and without memory disorder: A population-based study

Minnaleena Ollanketo (Corresponding Author), Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä, Maarit Kangas, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Milla Immonen, Heidi Enwald, Satu Elo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of this population-based cross-sectional study was to describe and compare the prevalence and features of perceived loneliness among home-dwelling older adults with (n = 129) and without (n = 244) memory disorder. The latter group was randomly resampled from 789 respondents stratified by age to obtain a standardized control group. Loneliness was assessed using the six-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale, and perceived stress using Cohen, Kamarck and Mermelstein’s 10-item Perceived Stress Scale. Results show that severe loneliness was common among the home-dwelling older adults, especially those with memory disorder, who also perceived stress more frequently than those without memory disorder. Both groups, but again more frequently those with memory disorder, were more likely to be emotionally than socially lonely. Thus, when planning social and healthcare services and interventions to mitigate loneliness among older adults living at home, memory problems and emotional loneliness require particular consideration.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNordic Journal of Nursing Research
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Sep 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible



  • dementia
  • loneliness
  • memory disorder
  • older adults
  • social environment

Cite this