Performance and costs of CCS in the pulp and paper industry: Part 1: Performance of amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture

Kristin Onarheim (Corresponding Author), Stanley Santos, Petteri Kangas, Ville Hankalin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of an amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture and storage (CCS) process in an existing Kraft pulp mill and an existing pulp and board mill was assessed. The pulp and paper industry is an energy-intensive industry, with significant amounts of CO2 emitted onsite. The majority of this CO2 originates from the combustion of biomass, which renders it carbon neutral if the biomass used by the industry is grown and harvested in a sustainable manner. If the CO2 emissions from the pulp and paper industry were to be captured and permanently stored, then this could make the industry a potential carbon sink. In this evaluation, different configurations of capturing CO2 from the flue gases of the recovery boiler, the multi-fuel boiler and the lime kiln were assessed. For a stand-alone Kraft pulp mill, the excess steam available is sufficient to cover the demand from the CO2 capture plant. For an integrated pulp and board mill, there is less excess steam available for the CO2 capture plant and an auxiliary boiler may be required. The retrofit of a post-combustion CO2 capture plant into an existing pulp mill increases the steam demand by 1-8 GJ/air dried tonne (adt) pulp, depending on the volume of the flue gas treated. This translates to a reduction in the amount of electricity exported to the grid by 0.1-1.0 MWh/adt pulp for a stand-alone Kraft pulp mill, and by 0.1-0.5 MWh/adt pulp for an integrated pulp and board mill. The total potential for negative CO2 emissions amounts to just under 2.0 Mt CO2/a both for the market pulp mill and for the integrated pulp and board mill.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-73
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

pulp and paper industry
Paper and pulp industry
Pulp
Amines
Paper and pulp mills
combustion
mill
Kraft pulp
cost
Costs
Boilers
Steam
Flue gases
Biomass
Air
Industry
Carbon
Kilns
amine
pulp

Keywords

  • Pulp and paper industry
  • Recovery boiler
  • Lime kiln
  • Multi-fuel boiler
  • Industrial CCS
  • Bio-CCS
  • Negative emissions

Cite this

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title = "Performance and costs of CCS in the pulp and paper industry: Part 1: Performance of amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture",
abstract = "The performance of an amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture and storage (CCS) process in an existing Kraft pulp mill and an existing pulp and board mill was assessed. The pulp and paper industry is an energy-intensive industry, with significant amounts of CO2 emitted onsite. The majority of this CO2 originates from the combustion of biomass, which renders it carbon neutral if the biomass used by the industry is grown and harvested in a sustainable manner. If the CO2 emissions from the pulp and paper industry were to be captured and permanently stored, then this could make the industry a potential carbon sink. In this evaluation, different configurations of capturing CO2 from the flue gases of the recovery boiler, the multi-fuel boiler and the lime kiln were assessed. For a stand-alone Kraft pulp mill, the excess steam available is sufficient to cover the demand from the CO2 capture plant. For an integrated pulp and board mill, there is less excess steam available for the CO2 capture plant and an auxiliary boiler may be required. The retrofit of a post-combustion CO2 capture plant into an existing pulp mill increases the steam demand by 1-8 GJ/air dried tonne (adt) pulp, depending on the volume of the flue gas treated. This translates to a reduction in the amount of electricity exported to the grid by 0.1-1.0 MWh/adt pulp for a stand-alone Kraft pulp mill, and by 0.1-0.5 MWh/adt pulp for an integrated pulp and board mill. The total potential for negative CO2 emissions amounts to just under 2.0 Mt CO2/a both for the market pulp mill and for the integrated pulp and board mill.",
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Performance and costs of CCS in the pulp and paper industry : Part 1: Performance of amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture. / Onarheim, Kristin (Corresponding Author); Santos, Stanley; Kangas, Petteri; Hankalin, Ville.

In: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 59, 01.04.2017, p. 58-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Performance and costs of CCS in the pulp and paper industry

T2 - Part 1: Performance of amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture

AU - Onarheim, Kristin

AU - Santos, Stanley

AU - Kangas, Petteri

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KW - Lime kiln

KW - Multi-fuel boiler

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