Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles

Nils-Olof Nylund, Markku Ikonen, Matti Kytö, Maija Lappi, Mårten Westerholm, Juhani Laurikko

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages142
    ISBN (Print)951-38-4929-5
    Publication statusPublished - 1996
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Publications
    Number271
    ISSN1235-0621

    Fingerprint

    Alternative fuels
    Engines
    Gasoline
    Liquefied petroleum gas
    Methanol
    Natural gas
    Ethanol
    Chemical analysis
    Costs
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • fuels
    • substitutes
    • utilization
    • energy
    • performance
    • evaluation
    • motors
    • diesel engines
    • vehicles
    • tests
    • emissions
    • exhaust gases
    • measurement

    Cite this

    Nylund, N-O., Ikonen, M., Kytö, M., Lappi, M., Westerholm, M., & Laurikko, J. (1996). Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 271
    Nylund, Nils-Olof ; Ikonen, Markku ; Kytö, Matti ; Lappi, Maija ; Westerholm, Mårten ; Laurikko, Juhani. / Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995 : Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 142 p. (VTT Publications; No. 271).
    @book{c67efee070ef445e9bc11e4db65c30c5,
    title = "Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles",
    abstract = "Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.",
    keywords = "fuels, substitutes, utilization, energy, performance, evaluation, motors, diesel engines, vehicles, tests, emissions, exhaust gases, measurement",
    author = "Nils-Olof Nylund and Markku Ikonen and Matti Kyt{\"o} and Maija Lappi and M{\aa}rten Westerholm and Juhani Laurikko",
    year = "1996",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "951-38-4929-5",
    series = "VTT Publications",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
    number = "271",
    address = "Finland",

    }

    Nylund, N-O, Ikonen, M, Kytö, M, Lappi, M, Westerholm, M & Laurikko, J 1996, Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. VTT Publications, no. 271, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995 : Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. / Nylund, Nils-Olof; Ikonen, Markku; Kytö, Matti; Lappi, Maija; Westerholm, Mårten; Laurikko, Juhani.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 142 p. (VTT Publications; No. 271).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995

    T2 - Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles

    AU - Nylund, Nils-Olof

    AU - Ikonen, Markku

    AU - Kytö, Matti

    AU - Lappi, Maija

    AU - Westerholm, Mårten

    AU - Laurikko, Juhani

    PY - 1996

    Y1 - 1996

    N2 - Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.

    AB - Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.

    KW - fuels

    KW - substitutes

    KW - utilization

    KW - energy

    KW - performance

    KW - evaluation

    KW - motors

    KW - diesel engines

    KW - vehicles

    KW - tests

    KW - emissions

    KW - exhaust gases

    KW - measurement

    M3 - Report

    SN - 951-38-4929-5

    T3 - VTT Publications

    BT - Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Nylund N-O, Ikonen M, Kytö M, Lappi M, Westerholm M, Laurikko J. Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 142 p. (VTT Publications; No. 271).