Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles

Nils-Olof Nylund, Markku Ikonen, Matti Kytö, Maija Lappi, Mårten Westerholm, Juhani Laurikko

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages142
ISBN (Print)951-38-4929-5
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Publications
Number271
ISSN1235-0621

Fingerprint

Alternative fuels
Engines
Gasoline
Liquefied petroleum gas
Methanol
Natural gas
Ethanol
Chemical analysis
Costs
Temperature

Keywords

  • fuels
  • substitutes
  • utilization
  • energy
  • performance
  • evaluation
  • motors
  • diesel engines
  • vehicles
  • tests
  • emissions
  • exhaust gases
  • measurement

Cite this

Nylund, N-O., Ikonen, M., Kytö, M., Lappi, M., Westerholm, M., & Laurikko, J. (1996). Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 271
Nylund, Nils-Olof ; Ikonen, Markku ; Kytö, Matti ; Lappi, Maija ; Westerholm, Mårten ; Laurikko, Juhani. / Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995 : Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 142 p. (VTT Publications; No. 271).
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abstract = "Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.",
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Nylund, N-O, Ikonen, M, Kytö, M, Lappi, M, Westerholm, M & Laurikko, J 1996, Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. VTT Publications, no. 271, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995 : Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. / Nylund, Nils-Olof; Ikonen, Markku; Kytö, Matti; Lappi, Maija; Westerholm, Mårten; Laurikko, Juhani.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 142 p. (VTT Publications; No. 271).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995

T2 - Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles

AU - Nylund, Nils-Olof

AU - Ikonen, Markku

AU - Kytö, Matti

AU - Lappi, Maija

AU - Westerholm, Mårten

AU - Laurikko, Juhani

PY - 1996

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N2 - Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.

AB - Annex V within the IEA Agreement on Alternative Motor Fuels is the first subtask to generate new experimental data. The objective of the task is to generate information on the emission potential of alternative fuels in severe operating conditions and to evaluate new emission measurement methods. The work was carried out in three phases, Engine Tests, Vehicle Tests and Addendum of Diesel Vehicles. The work was carried out at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a cost shared operation. Participants were Belgium (Parts Two and Three), Canada (Parts One and Two), Finland, Italy (Part One), Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and USA. The United Kingdom also joined at the end of the Annex. The work included 143 different vehicle/fuel/temperature combinations. FTP type emission tests were run on 14 vehicles powered with different gasoline compositions, methanol (M50 and M85), ethanol (E85), LPG, CNG and diesel. Both regulated and unregulated emission components were measured using the most up-to-date emissions measurement technology. The results indicated, that today's advanced gasoline vehicles must be considered rather clean. Diesel is comparable with gasoline in the case of CO and HC. M85 gives low emissions in warm conditions, but unburned methanol must be controlled. Natural gas and LPG are inherently clean fuels which, using up-to-date engine technology, give low emissions in all conditions.

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KW - evaluation

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KW - emissions

KW - exhaust gases

KW - measurement

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-4929-5

T3 - VTT Publications

BT - Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Nylund N-O, Ikonen M, Kytö M, Lappi M, Westerholm M, Laurikko J. Performance evaluation of alternative fuel/engine concepts 1990-1995: Final report including addendum of diesel vehicles. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1996. 142 p. (VTT Publications; No. 271).