Performance Metrics for a Modern BOPP Capacitor Film

Mikael Ritamäki, Ilkka Rytöluoto, Kari Lahti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, a set of performance metrics for modern biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) capacitor films is established. The fundamental and applied properties of BOPP films required for application in state-of-the-art DC metallized film capacitors are reviewed, highlighting aspects related to high temperature operation, base PP properties and film processing. Commercial BOPP films — both base films and metallized films based on classic isotactic PP — are studied comprehensively, encompassing structural–morphological characterization and short- to medium-term dielectric characterization. Dielectric spectroscopy results demonstrate the negligible dielectric losses of BOPP, being in the range of 10– 4 or less in the expected operation temperature regime. Thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) measurements indicated a modest density of shallow traps (~0.75 eV) and a high density of deep traps (~1.08 eV) in the 5 μm and 10 μm film variants showing differences presumably arising from film processing. Such an electronic structure was found to be connected with ultra-low conductivity (in the range of 10– 17 –10– 16 S/m), high breakdown strength (~700 V/μm) and negligible space charge accumulation up to temperatures of ~70 °C. It is shown that at current design stresses (~200 V/μm at ~60 °C) BOPP is operated close to its fundamental thermal and electrical limitations. Voltage endurance tests at higher fields revealed the onset of high-field degradation and drastically reduced insulation life, and thermal activation of deep traps in the high temperature region (~100 °C) was found to result in reduced dielectric performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1229 - 1237
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Polypropylenes
High temperature operations
Dielectric spectroscopy
Depolarization
Electric current measurement
Dielectric losses
Processing
Film capacitor
Electric space charge
Temperature
Electronic structure
Insulation
Durability
Chemical activation
Degradation
Electric potential

Cite this

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title = "Performance Metrics for a Modern BOPP Capacitor Film",
abstract = "In this paper, a set of performance metrics for modern biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) capacitor films is established. The fundamental and applied properties of BOPP films required for application in state-of-the-art DC metallized film capacitors are reviewed, highlighting aspects related to high temperature operation, base PP properties and film processing. Commercial BOPP films — both base films and metallized films based on classic isotactic PP — are studied comprehensively, encompassing structural–morphological characterization and short- to medium-term dielectric characterization. Dielectric spectroscopy results demonstrate the negligible dielectric losses of BOPP, being in the range of 10– 4 or less in the expected operation temperature regime. Thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) measurements indicated a modest density of shallow traps (~0.75 eV) and a high density of deep traps (~1.08 eV) in the 5 μm and 10 μm film variants showing differences presumably arising from film processing. Such an electronic structure was found to be connected with ultra-low conductivity (in the range of 10– 17 –10– 16 S/m), high breakdown strength (~700 V/μm) and negligible space charge accumulation up to temperatures of ~70 °C. It is shown that at current design stresses (~200 V/μm at ~60 °C) BOPP is operated close to its fundamental thermal and electrical limitations. Voltage endurance tests at higher fields revealed the onset of high-field degradation and drastically reduced insulation life, and thermal activation of deep traps in the high temperature region (~100 °C) was found to result in reduced dielectric performance.",
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Performance Metrics for a Modern BOPP Capacitor Film. / Ritamäki, Mikael; Rytöluoto, Ilkka; Lahti, Kari.

In: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 26, No. 4, 01.08.2019, p. 1229 - 1237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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