Performance of a Direct-Liquid-Cooled Motor in an Electric Bus under Different Load Cycles

Pia Lindh, Ilya Petrov, Paula Immonen, Juha Pyrhonen, Markku Niemela, Joel Anttila, Marko Paakkinen, Eero Scherman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, a direct liquid cooling method is proposed for a radial-flux permanent-magnet motor. To demonstrate the feasibility of the cooling method, a test motor with a rated output of 205 kW was designed, constructed, and tested in an actual vehicle application, an electric city bus. The energy consumption tests were conducted by applying a heavy-duty chassis dynamometer capable of simulating the inertia, weight, and road loads that the buses are subjected to in the normal on-road operation. The electricity consumption on the real bus route of the Espoo line 11 in Finland was 0.61 kWh/km. The test results of the cooling solution show that the motor is capable of meeting the most challenging requirements of the load cycle even with a full payload. The highest winding temperature rise in the test driving cycles was only 26 °C, which proves the effectiveness of direct-liquid-cooled coils in a vehicle motor.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)86897-86905
    Number of pages9
    JournalIEEE Access
    Volume7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Liquids
    Cooling
    Dynamometers
    Chassis
    Permanent magnets
    Energy utilization
    Electricity
    Fluxes
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • direct liquid cooling
    • Electric machines
    • permanent magnet motors
    • rotating machines
    • traction motors

    Cite this

    Lindh, P., Petrov, I., Immonen, P., Pyrhonen, J., Niemela, M., Anttila, J., ... Scherman, E. (2019). Performance of a Direct-Liquid-Cooled Motor in an Electric Bus under Different Load Cycles. IEEE Access, 7, 86897-86905. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2925711
    Lindh, Pia ; Petrov, Ilya ; Immonen, Paula ; Pyrhonen, Juha ; Niemela, Markku ; Anttila, Joel ; Paakkinen, Marko ; Scherman, Eero. / Performance of a Direct-Liquid-Cooled Motor in an Electric Bus under Different Load Cycles. In: IEEE Access. 2019 ; Vol. 7. pp. 86897-86905.
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    abstract = "In this paper, a direct liquid cooling method is proposed for a radial-flux permanent-magnet motor. To demonstrate the feasibility of the cooling method, a test motor with a rated output of 205 kW was designed, constructed, and tested in an actual vehicle application, an electric city bus. The energy consumption tests were conducted by applying a heavy-duty chassis dynamometer capable of simulating the inertia, weight, and road loads that the buses are subjected to in the normal on-road operation. The electricity consumption on the real bus route of the Espoo line 11 in Finland was 0.61 kWh/km. The test results of the cooling solution show that the motor is capable of meeting the most challenging requirements of the load cycle even with a full payload. The highest winding temperature rise in the test driving cycles was only 26 °C, which proves the effectiveness of direct-liquid-cooled coils in a vehicle motor.",
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    Performance of a Direct-Liquid-Cooled Motor in an Electric Bus under Different Load Cycles. / Lindh, Pia; Petrov, Ilya; Immonen, Paula; Pyrhonen, Juha; Niemela, Markku; Anttila, Joel; Paakkinen, Marko; Scherman, Eero.

    In: IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 2019, p. 86897-86905.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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