Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships

Mikael Wahlström, Deborah Forster, Antero Karvonen, Ronny Puustinen, Pertti Saariluoma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We consider the development of autonomous ships and programming-based navigation by exploring and describing communicative and predictive elements in navigational risk-minimization. Maritime pilots (n=6) and other professional mariners (n=2) were interviewed and observed actualizing navigational tasks at a ship simulator. The results suggest that expert navigators envision the possible capabilities, situational awareness, tasks, manoeuvrability and predictability. Overall, navigation involves perspective-taking, which is a basic feature of social cognition. In discussing design implications, we propose that similar features could be implemented to autonomous ship navigation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries
EditorsBertram Volker
PublisherTechnische Universität Hamburg-Harburg
Pages191-200
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-89220-709-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event18th Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’19 - Tullamore, Ireland
Duration: 25 Mar 201927 Mar 2019

Conference

Conference18th Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’19
Abbreviated titleCOMPIT 2019
CountryIreland
CityTullamore
Period25/03/1927/03/19

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Ships
Navigation
Ship simulators
Maneuverability

Cite this

Wahlström, M., Forster, D., Karvonen, A., Puustinen, R., & Saariluoma, P. (2019). Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships. In B. Volker (Ed.), 18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries (pp. 191-200). Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg.
Wahlström, Mikael ; Forster, Deborah ; Karvonen, Antero ; Puustinen, Ronny ; Saariluoma, Pertti. / Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships. 18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. editor / Bertram Volker. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg, 2019. pp. 191-200
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Wahlström, M, Forster, D, Karvonen, A, Puustinen, R & Saariluoma, P 2019, Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships. in B Volker (ed.), 18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg, pp. 191-200, 18th Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’19, Tullamore, Ireland, 25/03/19.

Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships. / Wahlström, Mikael; Forster, Deborah; Karvonen, Antero; Puustinen, Ronny; Saariluoma, Pertti.

18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. ed. / Bertram Volker. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg, 2019. p. 191-200.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships

AU - Wahlström, Mikael

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AU - Puustinen, Ronny

AU - Saariluoma, Pertti

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N2 - We consider the development of autonomous ships and programming-based navigation by exploring and describing communicative and predictive elements in navigational risk-minimization. Maritime pilots (n=6) and other professional mariners (n=2) were interviewed and observed actualizing navigational tasks at a ship simulator. The results suggest that expert navigators envision the possible capabilities, situational awareness, tasks, manoeuvrability and predictability. Overall, navigation involves perspective-taking, which is a basic feature of social cognition. In discussing design implications, we propose that similar features could be implemented to autonomous ship navigation.

AB - We consider the development of autonomous ships and programming-based navigation by exploring and describing communicative and predictive elements in navigational risk-minimization. Maritime pilots (n=6) and other professional mariners (n=2) were interviewed and observed actualizing navigational tasks at a ship simulator. The results suggest that expert navigators envision the possible capabilities, situational awareness, tasks, manoeuvrability and predictability. Overall, navigation involves perspective-taking, which is a basic feature of social cognition. In discussing design implications, we propose that similar features could be implemented to autonomous ship navigation.

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Wahlström M, Forster D, Karvonen A, Puustinen R, Saariluoma P. Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships. In Volker B, editor, 18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg. 2019. p. 191-200