We consider the development of autonomous ships and programming-based navigation by exploring and describing communicative and predictive elements in navigational risk-minimization. Maritime pilots (n=6) and other professional mariners (n=2) were interviewed and observed actualizing navigational tasks at a ship simulator. The results suggest that expert navigators envision the possible capabilities, situational awareness, tasks, manoeuvrability and predictability. Overall, navigation involves perspective-taking, which is a basic feature of social cognition. In discussing design implications, we propose that similar features could be implemented to autonomous ship navigation.
|Title of host publication||18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries|
|Publisher||Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2019|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||18th Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’19 - Tullamore, Ireland|
Duration: 25 Mar 2019 → 27 Mar 2019
|Conference||18th Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’19|
|Abbreviated title||COMPIT 2019|
|Period||25/03/19 → 27/03/19|
Wahlström, M., Forster, D., Karvonen, A., Puustinen, R., & Saariluoma, P. (2019). Perspective-Taking in Anticipatory Maritime Navigation - Implications for Developing Autonomous Ships. In B. Volker (Ed.), 18 th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries (pp. 191-200). Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg.