This work demonstrates an accurate model for solidification of WC-Co powder in thermal spray deposition, where particles-Typically metal or ceramic powder-are heated and propelled towards a substrate, leading to a thick and lamellar coating. The WC tends to dissolve partially while the cobalt is molten in flight, and upon impact, the cobalt solidifies rapidly. This leads to a microstructure with WC particles decreased in size, and the matrix phase-originally pure cobalt-is accompanied with tungsten semicarbide and Co-W-C carbide phases, which embrittles the coating. A simple diffusion model is used to model dissolution of WC in liquid cobalt during solidification, with a cooling rate typical to thermal spray deposition. We use a 2D phase field method to simulate the rapid solidification of WC particles immersed in liquid cobalt. We assume that the dendrites nucleate randomly in the liquid cobalt. Phase field simulations are used to predict a heterogeneous distribution of dendrites, their sizes, morphologies, alloying element distribution, and competitive growth of different phases. Our work presents a model that can be used to generate virtual microstructures of thermal spray coatings, and additionally, the model can be employed to model other powder consolidation and sintering processes, such as selective laser sintering.
|Title of host publication||EURO PM2015 congress proceedings|
|Publisher||European Power Metallurgy Association EPMA|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||Euro PM2015 Power Metallurgy Congress and Exhibition, - Reims, France|
Duration: 4 Oct 2015 → 7 Oct 2015
|Conference||Euro PM2015 Power Metallurgy Congress and Exhibition,|
|Abbreviated title||Euro PM2015|
|Period||4/10/15 → 7/10/15|
Pinomaa, T., Ofori-Opoku, N., Gurevich, S., Laukkanen, A., & Provatas, N. (2015). Phase field analysis of solidification structures and interface composition in WC-Co hard metals. In EURO PM2015 congress proceedings European Power Metallurgy Association EPMA.