Phenomenological description of mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized charged aerosol particles in electric field

Sergei Shandakov, Albert Nasibulin, Esko I. Kauppinen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to discuss and to compare existing approaches with the experimental data on the mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized particles, and to propose a new model. Our model is based on the phenomenological consideration of collisions between a particle and gas molecules in the rough sphere approximation taking into account the energy exchange between translational and rotational degrees of freedom, ion–dipole interactions and sticking condition between these objects in the approach of random tangential forces. It was shown that the obtained expression for the electrical mobility of charged particles depends on the nature of the carrier gas. A comparison of different theoretical models with the experimental data (from 0.54 to 10.68 nm) showed the best agreement for our proposed model. It was shown that the ion–dipole interaction becomes significant for singly charged particles smaller than 1.2 nm and for doubly charged particles smaller than 2 nm.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1125 - 1143
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Aerosols
Particles (particulate matter)
electric field
Charged particles
Electric fields
aerosol
Gases
gas
collision
Molecules
particle
energy

Keywords

  • electrical mobility
  • ion
  • PEG
  • polyethylene glycol
  • aerosol particles
  • charged particles
  • nanoparticles

Cite this

Shandakov, Sergei ; Nasibulin, Albert ; Kauppinen, Esko I. / Phenomenological description of mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized charged aerosol particles in electric field. In: Journal of Aerosol Science. 2005 ; Vol. 36, No. 9. pp. 1125 - 1143.
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Phenomenological description of mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized charged aerosol particles in electric field. / Shandakov, Sergei; Nasibulin, Albert; Kauppinen, Esko I. (Corresponding Author).

In: Journal of Aerosol Science, Vol. 36, No. 9, 2005, p. 1125 - 1143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phenomenological description of mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized charged aerosol particles in electric field

AU - Shandakov, Sergei

AU - Nasibulin, Albert

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

PY - 2005

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N2 - The purpose of this paper is to discuss and to compare existing approaches with the experimental data on the mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized particles, and to propose a new model. Our model is based on the phenomenological consideration of collisions between a particle and gas molecules in the rough sphere approximation taking into account the energy exchange between translational and rotational degrees of freedom, ion–dipole interactions and sticking condition between these objects in the approach of random tangential forces. It was shown that the obtained expression for the electrical mobility of charged particles depends on the nature of the carrier gas. A comparison of different theoretical models with the experimental data (from 0.54 to 10.68 nm) showed the best agreement for our proposed model. It was shown that the ion–dipole interaction becomes significant for singly charged particles smaller than 1.2 nm and for doubly charged particles smaller than 2 nm.

AB - The purpose of this paper is to discuss and to compare existing approaches with the experimental data on the mobility of nm- and sub-nm-sized particles, and to propose a new model. Our model is based on the phenomenological consideration of collisions between a particle and gas molecules in the rough sphere approximation taking into account the energy exchange between translational and rotational degrees of freedom, ion–dipole interactions and sticking condition between these objects in the approach of random tangential forces. It was shown that the obtained expression for the electrical mobility of charged particles depends on the nature of the carrier gas. A comparison of different theoretical models with the experimental data (from 0.54 to 10.68 nm) showed the best agreement for our proposed model. It was shown that the ion–dipole interaction becomes significant for singly charged particles smaller than 1.2 nm and for doubly charged particles smaller than 2 nm.

KW - electrical mobility

KW - ion

KW - PEG

KW - polyethylene glycol

KW - aerosol particles

KW - charged particles

KW - nanoparticles

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JO - Journal of Aerosol Science

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