Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In the last decade, the processing of the waveguide structures on various substrates under mild conditions has been an appealing aim. The lithographic patterning of organic-inorganic hybrid materials processed by means of sol-gel technology allows the production of waveguides and other optical components. We describe the synthesis of a new, photo-patternable, organically modified material with an improved ageing stability. Synthesis step does not involve widely used zirconia precursors, but it retains the same possibility of altering the refractive index by tailoring of the material composition. Refractive index values varied from 1.4700 to 1.5100. Measured birefringence values meet the requirements of most integrated planar optic applications. The synthesized material is compatible with silicon, glass and plastic substrates. Material was analyzed using 29Si NMR techniques. The processed slab waveguides were characterized by using the prism coupling technique at various wavelengths. The attenuation in the waveguide was determined by the cut-back method, and it was found to be less than 0.5dB/cm at the wavelength of 830 nm. The morphology of the microstructures was measured by using the interferometer equipment. Slab waveguides rms values were in order of only 2 nm.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
Pages487-494
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventPhotonics Europe 2004 - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 26 Apr 200430 Apr 2004

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE
Volume5451

Conference

ConferencePhotonics Europe 2004
CountryFrance
CityStrasbourg
Period26/04/0430/04/04

Fingerprint

integrated optics
waveguides
slabs
refractivity
synthesis
zirconium oxides
wavelengths
prisms
birefringence
plastics
interferometers
attenuation
gels
optics
requirements
nuclear magnetic resonance
microstructure
glass
silicon

Keywords

  • hybrid materials
  • hybrid sol-gel
  • hybrid thin coatings
  • sol-gel
  • optical devices
  • optical equipment
  • optical materials
  • optical receivers
  • optical resonators
  • optical sensors

Cite this

Kusevic, M., Maaninen, A., Hiltunen, J., Hiltunen, M., Tuominen, J., & Karioja, P. (2004). Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics. In Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits (pp. 487-494). International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 5451 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545488
Kusevic, Maja ; Maaninen, Arto ; Hiltunen, Jussi ; Hiltunen, Marianne ; Tuominen, Jarkko ; Karioja, Pentti. / Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics. Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2004. pp. 487-494 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5451).
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title = "Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics",
abstract = "In the last decade, the processing of the waveguide structures on various substrates under mild conditions has been an appealing aim. The lithographic patterning of organic-inorganic hybrid materials processed by means of sol-gel technology allows the production of waveguides and other optical components. We describe the synthesis of a new, photo-patternable, organically modified material with an improved ageing stability. Synthesis step does not involve widely used zirconia precursors, but it retains the same possibility of altering the refractive index by tailoring of the material composition. Refractive index values varied from 1.4700 to 1.5100. Measured birefringence values meet the requirements of most integrated planar optic applications. The synthesized material is compatible with silicon, glass and plastic substrates. Material was analyzed using 29Si NMR techniques. The processed slab waveguides were characterized by using the prism coupling technique at various wavelengths. The attenuation in the waveguide was determined by the cut-back method, and it was found to be less than 0.5dB/cm at the wavelength of 830 nm. The morphology of the microstructures was measured by using the interferometer equipment. Slab waveguides rms values were in order of only 2 nm.",
keywords = "hybrid materials, hybrid sol-gel, hybrid thin coatings, sol-gel, optical devices, optical equipment, optical materials, optical receivers, optical resonators, optical sensors",
author = "Maja Kusevic and Arto Maaninen and Jussi Hiltunen and Marianne Hiltunen and Jarkko Tuominen and Pentti Karioja",
year = "2004",
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Kusevic, M, Maaninen, A, Hiltunen, J, Hiltunen, M, Tuominen, J & Karioja, P 2004, Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics. in Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5451, pp. 487-494, Photonics Europe 2004, Strasbourg, France, 26/04/04. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545488

Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics. / Kusevic, Maja; Maaninen, Arto; Hiltunen, Jussi; Hiltunen, Marianne; Tuominen, Jarkko; Karioja, Pentti.

Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2004. p. 487-494 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5451).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Kusevic, Maja

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AU - Karioja, Pentti

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N2 - In the last decade, the processing of the waveguide structures on various substrates under mild conditions has been an appealing aim. The lithographic patterning of organic-inorganic hybrid materials processed by means of sol-gel technology allows the production of waveguides and other optical components. We describe the synthesis of a new, photo-patternable, organically modified material with an improved ageing stability. Synthesis step does not involve widely used zirconia precursors, but it retains the same possibility of altering the refractive index by tailoring of the material composition. Refractive index values varied from 1.4700 to 1.5100. Measured birefringence values meet the requirements of most integrated planar optic applications. The synthesized material is compatible with silicon, glass and plastic substrates. Material was analyzed using 29Si NMR techniques. The processed slab waveguides were characterized by using the prism coupling technique at various wavelengths. The attenuation in the waveguide was determined by the cut-back method, and it was found to be less than 0.5dB/cm at the wavelength of 830 nm. The morphology of the microstructures was measured by using the interferometer equipment. Slab waveguides rms values were in order of only 2 nm.

AB - In the last decade, the processing of the waveguide structures on various substrates under mild conditions has been an appealing aim. The lithographic patterning of organic-inorganic hybrid materials processed by means of sol-gel technology allows the production of waveguides and other optical components. We describe the synthesis of a new, photo-patternable, organically modified material with an improved ageing stability. Synthesis step does not involve widely used zirconia precursors, but it retains the same possibility of altering the refractive index by tailoring of the material composition. Refractive index values varied from 1.4700 to 1.5100. Measured birefringence values meet the requirements of most integrated planar optic applications. The synthesized material is compatible with silicon, glass and plastic substrates. Material was analyzed using 29Si NMR techniques. The processed slab waveguides were characterized by using the prism coupling technique at various wavelengths. The attenuation in the waveguide was determined by the cut-back method, and it was found to be less than 0.5dB/cm at the wavelength of 830 nm. The morphology of the microstructures was measured by using the interferometer equipment. Slab waveguides rms values were in order of only 2 nm.

KW - hybrid materials

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KW - sol-gel

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KW - optical receivers

KW - optical resonators

KW - optical sensors

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SP - 487

EP - 494

BT - Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits

PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

ER -

Kusevic M, Maaninen A, Hiltunen J, Hiltunen M, Tuominen J, Karioja P. Photo-crosslinkable hybrid material with improved aging stability for integrated optics. In Integrated Optics and Photonic Integrated Circuits. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2004. p. 487-494. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5451). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.545488