Abstract

Physical browsing is a new intuitive human-computer interfacing paradigm for mobile users. Services, such as information retrieval, peer-to-peer communication, payment or ticketing, and professional applications can be initiated by simply touching an object with a user's personal device. This paradigm can be implemented with RFID technology. A number of major companies in the fields of mobile communications, electronics and financing have joined forces in an effort to commercialise this human-computer interaction paradigm with the brand name Near Field Communication (NFC). NFC is based on existing technology using 13.56 MHz RFIDs and international standards. The NFC forum is creating standards and recommendations for the upper level protocols and application models. VTT is leading a Europe-wide project which develops and pilots NFC technology. This report describes the findings and results of the first project year. The report outlines the concept of Physical browsing, NFC technology, its main applications, and describes a pilot case with a meal service for elderly people. An NFC Bluetooth gateway prototype has been designed and the first experiments are briefly described. Security and privacy issues relevant to NFC are described. The main business models, namely those driven by financial institutions, mobile operators or other parties are discussed. A look at major trials and roll-outs of contactless payment is given. Some solutions to the dilemma of scarce NFC services and low penetration of NFC phones are suggested.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages70
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6947-2
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6946-5
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
Number2400
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

Radio frequency identification (RFID)
Near field communication
Gateways (computer networks)
Communication
Bluetooth
Human computer interaction
Information retrieval
Industry
Electronic equipment
Network protocols
Experiments

Keywords

  • RFID
  • Radio Frequency Identification
  • Physical browsing
  • Human Computer Interaction
  • HCI
  • CHI
  • contactless
  • payment and ticketing
  • NFC
  • Near Field Communication
  • peer to peer
  • ISO 14443

Cite this

Ailisto, H., Matinmikko, T., Häikiö, J., Ylisaukko-oja, A., Strömmer, E., Hillukkala, M., ... Salonen, J. (2007). Physical browsing with NFC technology. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2400
Ailisto, Heikki ; Matinmikko, Tapio ; Häikiö, Juha ; Ylisaukko-oja, Arto ; Strömmer, Esko ; Hillukkala, Mika ; Wallin, Arto ; Siira, Erkki ; Pöyry, Aki ; Törmänen, Vili ; Huomo, Tua ; Tuikka, Tuomo ; Leskinen, Sonja ; Salonen, Jarno. / Physical browsing with NFC technology. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 70 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2400).
@book{be51096514024e4c8fad81433d9f142c,
title = "Physical browsing with NFC technology",
abstract = "Physical browsing is a new intuitive human-computer interfacing paradigm for mobile users. Services, such as information retrieval, peer-to-peer communication, payment or ticketing, and professional applications can be initiated by simply touching an object with a user's personal device. This paradigm can be implemented with RFID technology. A number of major companies in the fields of mobile communications, electronics and financing have joined forces in an effort to commercialise this human-computer interaction paradigm with the brand name Near Field Communication (NFC). NFC is based on existing technology using 13.56 MHz RFIDs and international standards. The NFC forum is creating standards and recommendations for the upper level protocols and application models. VTT is leading a Europe-wide project which develops and pilots NFC technology. This report describes the findings and results of the first project year. The report outlines the concept of Physical browsing, NFC technology, its main applications, and describes a pilot case with a meal service for elderly people. An NFC Bluetooth gateway prototype has been designed and the first experiments are briefly described. Security and privacy issues relevant to NFC are described. The main business models, namely those driven by financial institutions, mobile operators or other parties are discussed. A look at major trials and roll-outs of contactless payment is given. Some solutions to the dilemma of scarce NFC services and low penetration of NFC phones are suggested.",
keywords = "RFID, Radio Frequency Identification, Physical browsing, Human Computer Interaction, HCI, CHI, contactless, payment and ticketing, NFC, Near Field Communication, peer to peer, ISO 14443",
author = "Heikki Ailisto and Tapio Matinmikko and Juha H{\"a}iki{\"o} and Arto Ylisaukko-oja and Esko Str{\"o}mmer and Mika Hillukkala and Arto Wallin and Erkki Siira and Aki P{\"o}yry and Vili T{\"o}rm{\"a}nen and Tua Huomo and Tuomo Tuikka and Sonja Leskinen and Jarno Salonen",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-951-38-6946-5",
series = "VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "2400",
address = "Finland",

}

Ailisto, H, Matinmikko, T, Häikiö, J, Ylisaukko-oja, A, Strömmer, E, Hillukkala, M, Wallin, A, Siira, E, Pöyry, A, Törmänen, V, Huomo, T, Tuikka, T, Leskinen, S & Salonen, J 2007, Physical browsing with NFC technology. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2400, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

Physical browsing with NFC technology. / Ailisto, Heikki; Matinmikko, Tapio; Häikiö, Juha; Ylisaukko-oja, Arto; Strömmer, Esko; Hillukkala, Mika; Wallin, Arto; Siira, Erkki; Pöyry, Aki; Törmänen, Vili; Huomo, Tua; Tuikka, Tuomo; Leskinen, Sonja; Salonen, Jarno.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 70 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2400).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Physical browsing with NFC technology

AU - Ailisto, Heikki

AU - Matinmikko, Tapio

AU - Häikiö, Juha

AU - Ylisaukko-oja, Arto

AU - Strömmer, Esko

AU - Hillukkala, Mika

AU - Wallin, Arto

AU - Siira, Erkki

AU - Pöyry, Aki

AU - Törmänen, Vili

AU - Huomo, Tua

AU - Tuikka, Tuomo

AU - Leskinen, Sonja

AU - Salonen, Jarno

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Physical browsing is a new intuitive human-computer interfacing paradigm for mobile users. Services, such as information retrieval, peer-to-peer communication, payment or ticketing, and professional applications can be initiated by simply touching an object with a user's personal device. This paradigm can be implemented with RFID technology. A number of major companies in the fields of mobile communications, electronics and financing have joined forces in an effort to commercialise this human-computer interaction paradigm with the brand name Near Field Communication (NFC). NFC is based on existing technology using 13.56 MHz RFIDs and international standards. The NFC forum is creating standards and recommendations for the upper level protocols and application models. VTT is leading a Europe-wide project which develops and pilots NFC technology. This report describes the findings and results of the first project year. The report outlines the concept of Physical browsing, NFC technology, its main applications, and describes a pilot case with a meal service for elderly people. An NFC Bluetooth gateway prototype has been designed and the first experiments are briefly described. Security and privacy issues relevant to NFC are described. The main business models, namely those driven by financial institutions, mobile operators or other parties are discussed. A look at major trials and roll-outs of contactless payment is given. Some solutions to the dilemma of scarce NFC services and low penetration of NFC phones are suggested.

AB - Physical browsing is a new intuitive human-computer interfacing paradigm for mobile users. Services, such as information retrieval, peer-to-peer communication, payment or ticketing, and professional applications can be initiated by simply touching an object with a user's personal device. This paradigm can be implemented with RFID technology. A number of major companies in the fields of mobile communications, electronics and financing have joined forces in an effort to commercialise this human-computer interaction paradigm with the brand name Near Field Communication (NFC). NFC is based on existing technology using 13.56 MHz RFIDs and international standards. The NFC forum is creating standards and recommendations for the upper level protocols and application models. VTT is leading a Europe-wide project which develops and pilots NFC technology. This report describes the findings and results of the first project year. The report outlines the concept of Physical browsing, NFC technology, its main applications, and describes a pilot case with a meal service for elderly people. An NFC Bluetooth gateway prototype has been designed and the first experiments are briefly described. Security and privacy issues relevant to NFC are described. The main business models, namely those driven by financial institutions, mobile operators or other parties are discussed. A look at major trials and roll-outs of contactless payment is given. Some solutions to the dilemma of scarce NFC services and low penetration of NFC phones are suggested.

KW - RFID

KW - Radio Frequency Identification

KW - Physical browsing

KW - Human Computer Interaction

KW - HCI

KW - CHI

KW - contactless

KW - payment and ticketing

KW - NFC

KW - Near Field Communication

KW - peer to peer

KW - ISO 14443

M3 - Report

SN - 978-951-38-6946-5

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - Physical browsing with NFC technology

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

ER -

Ailisto H, Matinmikko T, Häikiö J, Ylisaukko-oja A, Strömmer E, Hillukkala M et al. Physical browsing with NFC technology. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. 70 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2400).