Physically flexible ultra-low power wireless sensor

Dung ODanielr Nguyen, Colm Mc Caffrey, Olli Silven, Martin Kögler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The key challenges of local sensor networks are in supporting high sensor density, information security, physical size, and especially energy efficiency at a level that could eliminate the need for batteries or external power supplies. This article presents a novel scheme that answers all issues at the cost of minor information losses in low data rate applications that tolerate latency. Experimental verification is made using a sensor node implemented on a flexible electronics platform. Lightly encrypted data are transmitted by embedding it into Bluetooth advertising packets, contributing to ultralow-energy wireless power consumption, and theoretically enabling an unlimited number of nodes in the local network. In the experiments, the energy dissipation per transmitted 14-B information packet varied between 19.83 and 105.93 mu text{W} depending on the system configuration, while the data loss rates ranged from 7.4% to 0.004%, respectively. As the flexible substrate can be attached to various surfaces, the applications extend from wearable to industrial condition monitoring devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9505207
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Advertising
  • Batteries
  • Biomedical monitoring
  • Receivers
  • Temperature measurement
  • Wireless communication
  • Wireless sensor networks


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