Pipe failure caused by thermal loading in BWR water conditions

Hannu Hänninen, Juho Hakala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work summarises the results obtained from a failure analysis of a pipe crack in a BWR water clean-up system. The cracking occurred in an AISI 304 steel pipe section area where mixing of the water streams at two different temperatures (280° and 130°C) took place. The temperature difference and turbulence induced a cyclic thermal loading which, together with the environment, caused cracking. Cracking propagated as transgranular brittle cleavage-like fracture, probably on a stress level below yield stress. Cracking was still observed in areas where the cyclic temperature differences caused by turbulence were markedly lower. The AISI 304 steel was in fully solution annealed as-receiv≐d condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1981
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Pipe
Water
Turbulence
Steel
Steel pipe
Temperature
Failure analysis
Yield stress
Cracks
Hot Temperature

Cite this

Hänninen, Hannu ; Hakala, Juho. / Pipe failure caused by thermal loading in BWR water conditions. In: International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping. 1981 ; Vol. 9, No. 6. pp. 445-455.
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Pipe failure caused by thermal loading in BWR water conditions. / Hänninen, Hannu; Hakala, Juho.

In: International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1981, p. 445-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pipe failure caused by thermal loading in BWR water conditions

AU - Hänninen, Hannu

AU - Hakala, Juho

PY - 1981

Y1 - 1981

N2 - This work summarises the results obtained from a failure analysis of a pipe crack in a BWR water clean-up system. The cracking occurred in an AISI 304 steel pipe section area where mixing of the water streams at two different temperatures (280° and 130°C) took place. The temperature difference and turbulence induced a cyclic thermal loading which, together with the environment, caused cracking. Cracking propagated as transgranular brittle cleavage-like fracture, probably on a stress level below yield stress. Cracking was still observed in areas where the cyclic temperature differences caused by turbulence were markedly lower. The AISI 304 steel was in fully solution annealed as-receiv≐d condition.

AB - This work summarises the results obtained from a failure analysis of a pipe crack in a BWR water clean-up system. The cracking occurred in an AISI 304 steel pipe section area where mixing of the water streams at two different temperatures (280° and 130°C) took place. The temperature difference and turbulence induced a cyclic thermal loading which, together with the environment, caused cracking. Cracking propagated as transgranular brittle cleavage-like fracture, probably on a stress level below yield stress. Cracking was still observed in areas where the cyclic temperature differences caused by turbulence were markedly lower. The AISI 304 steel was in fully solution annealed as-receiv≐d condition.

U2 - 10.1016/0308-0161(81)90015-6

DO - 10.1016/0308-0161(81)90015-6

M3 - Article

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SP - 445

EP - 455

JO - International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping

JF - International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping

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