Piston ring tribology: A literature survey

Peter Andersson, Jaana Tamminen, Carl-Erik Sandström

Research output: Book/ReportReport

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tribological considerations in the contacts formed by the piston skirt, piston rings and cylinder liner have attracted much attention over several decades, not least indicated by the large number of articles published on this topic in recent years. Recent studies include modelling, miniaturised experimental work and full-scale engine testing. This literature survey, covering over 150 references, aims to shed new light on the tribological issues related to the piston assembly. The work is intended as a compact reference volume for internal combustion engines in general, with particular emphasis on diesel engines. Central topics discussed in this work are the basic functions of the piston and the piston rings, the design and the materials of the components, mechanical and thermal loads on the rings, the contact pressure between ring and liner, the sealing action, blow-by leakage, hot gas erosion damage, exhaust emissions, the lubrication conditions and the influence of combustion products, the coefficient of friction and the friction force, the wear of the sliding surfaces and surface technology for wear reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages108
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6108-2
ISBN (Print)951-38- 6107-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
Number2178
ISSN1235-0605

Fingerprint

Piston rings
Tribology
Pistons
Wear of materials
Friction
Leakage (fluid)
Engine cylinders
Thermal load
Internal combustion engines
Lubrication
Diesel engines
Erosion
Engines
Testing
Gases

Keywords

  • piston ring
  • friction
  • wear
  • lubrication
  • tribology

Cite this

Andersson, P., Tamminen, J., & Sandström, C-E. (2002). Piston ring tribology: A literature survey. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2178
Andersson, Peter ; Tamminen, Jaana ; Sandström, Carl-Erik. / Piston ring tribology : A literature survey. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. 108 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2178).
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Andersson, P, Tamminen, J & Sandström, C-E 2002, Piston ring tribology: A literature survey. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2178, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Piston ring tribology : A literature survey. / Andersson, Peter; Tamminen, Jaana; Sandström, Carl-Erik.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. 108 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2178).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Piston ring tribology

T2 - A literature survey

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AU - Tamminen, Jaana

AU - Sandström, Carl-Erik

N1 - Project code: V9SU00507

PY - 2002

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AB - The tribological considerations in the contacts formed by the piston skirt, piston rings and cylinder liner have attracted much attention over several decades, not least indicated by the large number of articles published on this topic in recent years. Recent studies include modelling, miniaturised experimental work and full-scale engine testing. This literature survey, covering over 150 references, aims to shed new light on the tribological issues related to the piston assembly. The work is intended as a compact reference volume for internal combustion engines in general, with particular emphasis on diesel engines. Central topics discussed in this work are the basic functions of the piston and the piston rings, the design and the materials of the components, mechanical and thermal loads on the rings, the contact pressure between ring and liner, the sealing action, blow-by leakage, hot gas erosion damage, exhaust emissions, the lubrication conditions and the influence of combustion products, the coefficient of friction and the friction force, the wear of the sliding surfaces and surface technology for wear reduction.

KW - piston ring

KW - friction

KW - wear

KW - lubrication

KW - tribology

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38- 6107-4

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes

BT - Piston ring tribology

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Andersson P, Tamminen J, Sandström C-E. Piston ring tribology: A literature survey. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. 108 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2178).