Planck 2013 results: II. Low Frequency Instrument data processing

Jussi Varis, A. Zacchei (Corresponding Author), Planck Collaboration

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We describe the data processing pipeline of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) data processing centre (DPC) to create and characterize full-sky maps based on the first 15.5 months of operations at 30, 44, and 70 GHz. In particular, we discuss the various steps involved in reducing the data, from telemetry packets through to the production of cleaned, calibrated timelines and calibrated frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation induced on the mean temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation by the proper motion of the spacecraft. Sky signals other than the dipole are removed by an iterative procedure based on simultaneous fitting of calibration parameters and sky maps. Noise properties are estimated from time-ordered data after the sky signal has been removed, using a generalized least squares map-making algorithm. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices, required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products, are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the ~-20 dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for the geometrical calibration of the focal plane.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberA2
    Number of pages25
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume571
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    sky
    low frequencies
    calibration
    cosmic microwave background radiation
    telemetry
    proper motion
    transit
    Jupiter (planet)
    Jupiter
    spacecraft
    dipoles
    modulation
    matrix
    products
    temperature

    Keywords

    • cosmic background radiation
    • data analysis
    • cosmology
    • surveys

    Cite this

    @article{a57bae0f66ca4addaf22de4bd6accd5b,
    title = "Planck 2013 results: II. Low Frequency Instrument data processing",
    abstract = "We describe the data processing pipeline of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) data processing centre (DPC) to create and characterize full-sky maps based on the first 15.5 months of operations at 30, 44, and 70 GHz. In particular, we discuss the various steps involved in reducing the data, from telemetry packets through to the production of cleaned, calibrated timelines and calibrated frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation induced on the mean temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation by the proper motion of the spacecraft. Sky signals other than the dipole are removed by an iterative procedure based on simultaneous fitting of calibration parameters and sky maps. Noise properties are estimated from time-ordered data after the sky signal has been removed, using a generalized least squares map-making algorithm. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices, required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products, are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the ~-20 dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for the geometrical calibration of the focal plane.",
    keywords = "cosmic background radiation, data analysis, cosmology, surveys",
    author = "Jussi Varis and A. Zacchei and {Planck Collaboration}",
    note = "Project code: 18080",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201321550",
    language = "English",
    volume = "571",
    journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
    issn = "0004-6361",
    publisher = "EDP Sciences",

    }

    Planck 2013 results : II. Low Frequency Instrument data processing. / Varis, Jussi; Zacchei, A. (Corresponding Author); Planck Collaboration.

    In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 571, A2, 2014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Planck 2013 results

    T2 - II. Low Frequency Instrument data processing

    AU - Varis, Jussi

    AU - Zacchei, A.

    AU - Planck Collaboration

    N1 - Project code: 18080

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - We describe the data processing pipeline of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) data processing centre (DPC) to create and characterize full-sky maps based on the first 15.5 months of operations at 30, 44, and 70 GHz. In particular, we discuss the various steps involved in reducing the data, from telemetry packets through to the production of cleaned, calibrated timelines and calibrated frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation induced on the mean temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation by the proper motion of the spacecraft. Sky signals other than the dipole are removed by an iterative procedure based on simultaneous fitting of calibration parameters and sky maps. Noise properties are estimated from time-ordered data after the sky signal has been removed, using a generalized least squares map-making algorithm. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices, required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products, are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the ~-20 dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for the geometrical calibration of the focal plane.

    AB - We describe the data processing pipeline of the Planck Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) data processing centre (DPC) to create and characterize full-sky maps based on the first 15.5 months of operations at 30, 44, and 70 GHz. In particular, we discuss the various steps involved in reducing the data, from telemetry packets through to the production of cleaned, calibrated timelines and calibrated frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation induced on the mean temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation by the proper motion of the spacecraft. Sky signals other than the dipole are removed by an iterative procedure based on simultaneous fitting of calibration parameters and sky maps. Noise properties are estimated from time-ordered data after the sky signal has been removed, using a generalized least squares map-making algorithm. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices, required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products, are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the ~-20 dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for the geometrical calibration of the focal plane.

    KW - cosmic background radiation

    KW - data analysis

    KW - cosmology

    KW - surveys

    U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201321550

    DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201321550

    M3 - Article

    VL - 571

    JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

    JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

    SN - 0004-6361

    M1 - A2

    ER -