Planck early results. V

The Low Frequency Instrument data processing

A. Zacchei (Corresponding Author), Jussi Tuovinen, Planck Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe the processing of data from the Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) used in production of the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalogue (ERCSC). In particular, we discuss the steps involved in reducing the data from telemetry packets to cleaned, calibrated, time-ordered data (TOD) and frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation of the temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation induced by the motion of the spacecraft. Noise properties are estimated from TOD from which the sky signal has been removed using a generalized least square map-making algorithm. Measured 1/f noise knee-frequencies range from  ~100 mHz at 30 GHz to a few tens of mHz at 70GHz. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the  ≈−10dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for geometrical calibration of the focal plane.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA5
Number of pages19
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

low frequencies
sky
cosmic microwave background radiation
telemetry
transit
Jupiter (planet)
catalogs
spacecraft
frequency ranges
modulation
products
Jupiter
calibration
matrix
temperature

Keywords

  • methods: data analysis
  • cosmic backround radiation
  • cosmology: observations
  • surveys

Cite this

Zacchei, A. ; Tuovinen, Jussi ; Planck Collaboration. / Planck early results. V : The Low Frequency Instrument data processing. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2011 ; Vol. 536.
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title = "Planck early results. V: The Low Frequency Instrument data processing",
abstract = "We describe the processing of data from the Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) used in production of the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalogue (ERCSC). In particular, we discuss the steps involved in reducing the data from telemetry packets to cleaned, calibrated, time-ordered data (TOD) and frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation of the temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation induced by the motion of the spacecraft. Noise properties are estimated from TOD from which the sky signal has been removed using a generalized least square map-making algorithm. Measured 1/f noise knee-frequencies range from  ~100 mHz at 30 GHz to a few tens of mHz at 70GHz. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the  ≈−10dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for geometrical calibration of the focal plane.",
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Planck early results. V : The Low Frequency Instrument data processing. / Zacchei, A. (Corresponding Author); Tuovinen, Jussi; Planck Collaboration.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 536, A5, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Planck early results. V

T2 - The Low Frequency Instrument data processing

AU - Zacchei, A.

AU - Maino, D.

AU - Tuovinen, Jussi

AU - Planck Collaboration

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PY - 2011

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N2 - We describe the processing of data from the Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) used in production of the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalogue (ERCSC). In particular, we discuss the steps involved in reducing the data from telemetry packets to cleaned, calibrated, time-ordered data (TOD) and frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation of the temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation induced by the motion of the spacecraft. Noise properties are estimated from TOD from which the sky signal has been removed using a generalized least square map-making algorithm. Measured 1/f noise knee-frequencies range from  ~100 mHz at 30 GHz to a few tens of mHz at 70GHz. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the  ≈−10dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for geometrical calibration of the focal plane.

AB - We describe the processing of data from the Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) used in production of the Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalogue (ERCSC). In particular, we discuss the steps involved in reducing the data from telemetry packets to cleaned, calibrated, time-ordered data (TOD) and frequency maps. Data are continuously calibrated using the modulation of the temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation induced by the motion of the spacecraft. Noise properties are estimated from TOD from which the sky signal has been removed using a generalized least square map-making algorithm. Measured 1/f noise knee-frequencies range from  ~100 mHz at 30 GHz to a few tens of mHz at 70GHz. A destriping code (Madam) is employed to combine radiometric data and pointing information into sky maps, minimizing the variance of correlated noise. Noise covariance matrices required to compute statistical uncertainties on LFI and Planck products are also produced. Main beams are estimated down to the  ≈−10dB level using Jupiter transits, which are also used for geometrical calibration of the focal plane.

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KW - cosmology: observations

KW - surveys

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JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

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SN - 0004-6361

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