Plant sterols in vegetables, fruits and berries

Vieno Piironen (Corresponding Author), Jari Toivo, Riitta Puupponen-Pimiä, Anna-Maija Lampi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The plant sterol contents of the most important vegetables, fruits and berries available in Finland were determined by capillary gas chromatography. The sample preparation procedure included both acid and alkaline hydrolysis to liberate sterols from their conjugates. The plant sterol contents of fresh vegetables ranged from 51 to 370 mg kg−1fresh weight (fw) in samples obtained from retail sale. The highest contents (>300 mg kg−1) were measured in broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and dill and the lowest (51 mg kg−1) in potato. The range of sterol contents on a dry weight (dw) basis was high, 246–4100 mg kg−1 dw. Considerable variation was also observed when individual samples of some vegetables were compared. Sitosterol was the main sterol (proportion 43–86%) in all vegetables except cucumber and spinach, in which Δ7‐sterols dominated. The total sterol contents were in the range 116–228 mg kg−1 fw in all fresh fruits except avocado, which contained more sterols, 752 mg kg−1 fw. In fresh berries the corresponding range was 60–279 m kg−1 fw. The wild berries lingonberry and blueberry were better plant sterol sources than the cultivated berries blackcurrant, redcurrant and strawberry. In fruits and berries the proportion of sitosterol ranged from 61–93% total sterols. On the basis of the results, the contribution of vegetables, fruits and berries to the total average daily plant sterol intake was estimated to be ca 60 mg.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-337
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Phytosterols
phytosterols
Vegetables
sterols
small fruits
Fruit
vegetables
Sterols
fruits
sitosterols
dill
Brassica
Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Brussels sprouts
black currants
capillary gas chromatography
raw vegetables
avocados
cauliflower
blueberries

Keywords

  • plant sterols
  • phytosterols
  • vegetables
  • fruits
  • berries

Cite this

Piironen, Vieno ; Toivo, Jari ; Puupponen-Pimiä, Riitta ; Lampi, Anna-Maija. / Plant sterols in vegetables, fruits and berries. In: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 2003 ; Vol. 83, No. 4. pp. 330-337.
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abstract = "The plant sterol contents of the most important vegetables, fruits and berries available in Finland were determined by capillary gas chromatography. The sample preparation procedure included both acid and alkaline hydrolysis to liberate sterols from their conjugates. The plant sterol contents of fresh vegetables ranged from 51 to 370 mg kg−1fresh weight (fw) in samples obtained from retail sale. The highest contents (>300 mg kg−1) were measured in broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and dill and the lowest (51 mg kg−1) in potato. The range of sterol contents on a dry weight (dw) basis was high, 246–4100 mg kg−1 dw. Considerable variation was also observed when individual samples of some vegetables were compared. Sitosterol was the main sterol (proportion 43–86{\%}) in all vegetables except cucumber and spinach, in which Δ7‐sterols dominated. The total sterol contents were in the range 116–228 mg kg−1 fw in all fresh fruits except avocado, which contained more sterols, 752 mg kg−1 fw. In fresh berries the corresponding range was 60–279 m kg−1 fw. The wild berries lingonberry and blueberry were better plant sterol sources than the cultivated berries blackcurrant, redcurrant and strawberry. In fruits and berries the proportion of sitosterol ranged from 61–93{\%} total sterols. On the basis of the results, the contribution of vegetables, fruits and berries to the total average daily plant sterol intake was estimated to be ca 60 mg.",
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Plant sterols in vegetables, fruits and berries. / Piironen, Vieno (Corresponding Author); Toivo, Jari; Puupponen-Pimiä, Riitta; Lampi, Anna-Maija.

In: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 83, No. 4, 2003, p. 330-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Plant sterols in vegetables, fruits and berries

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AU - Toivo, Jari

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AU - Lampi, Anna-Maija

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N2 - The plant sterol contents of the most important vegetables, fruits and berries available in Finland were determined by capillary gas chromatography. The sample preparation procedure included both acid and alkaline hydrolysis to liberate sterols from their conjugates. The plant sterol contents of fresh vegetables ranged from 51 to 370 mg kg−1fresh weight (fw) in samples obtained from retail sale. The highest contents (>300 mg kg−1) were measured in broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and dill and the lowest (51 mg kg−1) in potato. The range of sterol contents on a dry weight (dw) basis was high, 246–4100 mg kg−1 dw. Considerable variation was also observed when individual samples of some vegetables were compared. Sitosterol was the main sterol (proportion 43–86%) in all vegetables except cucumber and spinach, in which Δ7‐sterols dominated. The total sterol contents were in the range 116–228 mg kg−1 fw in all fresh fruits except avocado, which contained more sterols, 752 mg kg−1 fw. In fresh berries the corresponding range was 60–279 m kg−1 fw. The wild berries lingonberry and blueberry were better plant sterol sources than the cultivated berries blackcurrant, redcurrant and strawberry. In fruits and berries the proportion of sitosterol ranged from 61–93% total sterols. On the basis of the results, the contribution of vegetables, fruits and berries to the total average daily plant sterol intake was estimated to be ca 60 mg.

AB - The plant sterol contents of the most important vegetables, fruits and berries available in Finland were determined by capillary gas chromatography. The sample preparation procedure included both acid and alkaline hydrolysis to liberate sterols from their conjugates. The plant sterol contents of fresh vegetables ranged from 51 to 370 mg kg−1fresh weight (fw) in samples obtained from retail sale. The highest contents (>300 mg kg−1) were measured in broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and dill and the lowest (51 mg kg−1) in potato. The range of sterol contents on a dry weight (dw) basis was high, 246–4100 mg kg−1 dw. Considerable variation was also observed when individual samples of some vegetables were compared. Sitosterol was the main sterol (proportion 43–86%) in all vegetables except cucumber and spinach, in which Δ7‐sterols dominated. The total sterol contents were in the range 116–228 mg kg−1 fw in all fresh fruits except avocado, which contained more sterols, 752 mg kg−1 fw. In fresh berries the corresponding range was 60–279 m kg−1 fw. The wild berries lingonberry and blueberry were better plant sterol sources than the cultivated berries blackcurrant, redcurrant and strawberry. In fruits and berries the proportion of sitosterol ranged from 61–93% total sterols. On the basis of the results, the contribution of vegetables, fruits and berries to the total average daily plant sterol intake was estimated to be ca 60 mg.

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