Plasticization of barley starch with glycerol and water

Pirkko Forssell, Jaana Mikkilä, Tapani Suortti, Jukka Seppälä, Kaisa Poutanen

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Abstract

Barley starch was plasticized in a melt mixer using glycerol and water as plasticizers. Plasticizer concentration, time, temperature, and shear were varied, and their effects on the molecular weight of starch and the glass transition temperature and mechanical properties of the mixtures were studied. Depolymerization of amylopectin was observed in all experiments, and starch degradation proceeded further at low glycerol concentrations. The glass transition of the plasticized starch-glycerol mixtures occurred in the temperature range −50 to −100°C and was probably induced by glycerol, not by starch. The tensile strength of a starch plate containing 29 wt% glycerol was about 0.5 MPa 1 week after molding, but increased to 2–3 MPa during 5 weeks of storage at 50% relative humidity and 24°C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-715
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Macromolecular Science: Pure and Applied Chemistry
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Starch
Glycerol
Water
Plasticizers
Amylopectins
Amylopectin
Depolymerization
Molding
Glass transition
Atmospheric humidity
Tensile strength
Molecular weight
Degradation
Mechanical properties
Temperature
Experiments

Cite this

Forssell, Pirkko ; Mikkilä, Jaana ; Suortti, Tapani ; Seppälä, Jukka ; Poutanen, Kaisa. / Plasticization of barley starch with glycerol and water. In: Journal of Macromolecular Science: Pure and Applied Chemistry. 1996 ; Vol. 33, No. 5. pp. 703-715.
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abstract = "Barley starch was plasticized in a melt mixer using glycerol and water as plasticizers. Plasticizer concentration, time, temperature, and shear were varied, and their effects on the molecular weight of starch and the glass transition temperature and mechanical properties of the mixtures were studied. Depolymerization of amylopectin was observed in all experiments, and starch degradation proceeded further at low glycerol concentrations. The glass transition of the plasticized starch-glycerol mixtures occurred in the temperature range −50 to −100°C and was probably induced by glycerol, not by starch. The tensile strength of a starch plate containing 29 wt{\%} glycerol was about 0.5 MPa 1 week after molding, but increased to 2–3 MPa during 5 weeks of storage at 50{\%} relative humidity and 24°C.",
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Plasticization of barley starch with glycerol and water. / Forssell, Pirkko; Mikkilä, Jaana; Suortti, Tapani; Seppälä, Jukka; Poutanen, Kaisa.

In: Journal of Macromolecular Science: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Vol. 33, No. 5, 1996, p. 703-715.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plasticization of barley starch with glycerol and water

AU - Forssell, Pirkko

AU - Mikkilä, Jaana

AU - Suortti, Tapani

AU - Seppälä, Jukka

AU - Poutanen, Kaisa

N1 - Project code: BEL4293

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

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AB - Barley starch was plasticized in a melt mixer using glycerol and water as plasticizers. Plasticizer concentration, time, temperature, and shear were varied, and their effects on the molecular weight of starch and the glass transition temperature and mechanical properties of the mixtures were studied. Depolymerization of amylopectin was observed in all experiments, and starch degradation proceeded further at low glycerol concentrations. The glass transition of the plasticized starch-glycerol mixtures occurred in the temperature range −50 to −100°C and was probably induced by glycerol, not by starch. The tensile strength of a starch plate containing 29 wt% glycerol was about 0.5 MPa 1 week after molding, but increased to 2–3 MPa during 5 weeks of storage at 50% relative humidity and 24°C.

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DO - 10.1080/10601329608010888

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EP - 715

JO - Journal of Macromolecular Science: Pure and Applied Chemistry

JF - Journal of Macromolecular Science: Pure and Applied Chemistry

SN - 1060-1325

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