Pluralistic licensing

Oliver Holland, Luca De Nardis, Keith Nolan, Arturas Medeisis, Peter Anker, L.F. Minervini, Fernando Velez, Marja Matinmikko, John Sydor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


We introduce the concept of 'pluralistic licensing', which we describe as the award of licenses under the assumption that opportunistic secondary spectrum access will be allowed, and that interference may be caused to the primary with parameters and rules that are known to the primary at the point of obtaining the license. A key aspect of the concept is that the primary will choose from a range of offered 'pluralistic licenses' each with associated fees, and each specifying alternative opportunistic access rules and associated interference characteristics. Our proposal is a novel means to take forward spectrum licensing which is fair to both primary and secondary users and takes into account the requirements of both parties. The objective is to incentivize the primary to obtain this type of license through means such as a reduced license fee, whereby the opportunistic secondary spectrum access will use 'cognitive radio' mechanisms to avoid causing interference to the primary or to otherwise keep interference within known parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publication IEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, DySPAN 2012
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-4448-7
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-4447-0
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSixth IEEE Symposium on New Frontiers in Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, DySPAN 2012 - Bellevue, United States
Duration: 16 Oct 201219 Oct 2012
Conference number: 6


ConferenceSixth IEEE Symposium on New Frontiers in Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, DySPAN 2012
Abbreviated titleDySPAN 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • licensing
  • opportunistic spectrum access


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