Policies as drivers for circular economy in the construction sector in the nordics

Malin Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen (Corresponding Author), Margareta Wahlström, Thilde Fruergaard Astrup, Carl Jensen, Anke Oberender, Pernilla Johansson, Eirik Rudi Waerner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


A circular economy (CE) represents the key alternative to the linear ‘take-make-consume-dispose’ economic model, that still predominates in the construction sector. This study investigates how policies support CE-focused businesses in the construction sector in the Nordics. A literature review, the creation of a database, a review of Nordic actors with a CE focus, and targeted interviews with actors across the value chain of the construction sector in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden enabled us to benchmark the CE policy landscape and assess how CE policies at different levels support CE business models in the construction sector. The results show that the construction sector is well represented in the CE policy frameworks and that many business opportunities are created when national and local policies are put into practice. The implementation of policies is mainly done via three key concepts, i.e., planning, requirements for sustainable constructions, and requirements for public procurement. It can be concluded that policies are drivers for the implementation of a CE and support CE business models in the Nordics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9350
Number of pages19
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Circular economy
  • Construction sector
  • Policies
  • Recycling
  • Reuse


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