Poly(aniline) doped with 5-formyl-2-furansulfonic acid: A humidity memory

Marja Vilkman (Corresponding Author), Kaisa Lehtinen, Tapio Mäkelä, P. Rannou, O. Ikkala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new concept for a humidity sensor based on doped poly(aniline) that shows irreversible changes of its sheet resistance and capacitance upon exposure to humid conditions, i.e. a humidity memory. Therein humidity triggers an irreversible dedoping process, which results in a phase separation and crystallization of the hydrated form of its protonating agent, as suggested by combining FT-IR and UV–Vis-NIR spectroscopies, optical microscopy, dc-conductivity, and frequency dependent capacitance measurements. We also introduce a simple concept to activate the sensor and to monitor it through non-contact capacitance measurements. We anticipate that the proposed concept could be implemented for functional packaging to qualitatively detect whether their contents have been exposed to humidity during their transportation and storage history.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-478
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic Electronics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Aniline
aniline
humidity
Atmospheric humidity
Capacitance measurement
Data storage equipment
acids
Acids
capacitance
Humidity sensors
Sheet resistance
Crystallization
Phase separation
irreversible processes
Optical microscopy
sensors
Packaging
Capacitance
packaging
Spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Functional dopant
  • Humidity sensor
  • Irreversible
  • Polyaniline

Cite this

Vilkman, Marja ; Lehtinen, Kaisa ; Mäkelä, Tapio ; Rannou, P. ; Ikkala, O. / Poly(aniline) doped with 5-formyl-2-furansulfonic acid : A humidity memory. In: Organic Electronics. 2010 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 472-478.
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Poly(aniline) doped with 5-formyl-2-furansulfonic acid : A humidity memory. / Vilkman, Marja (Corresponding Author); Lehtinen, Kaisa; Mäkelä, Tapio; Rannou, P.; Ikkala, O.

In: Organic Electronics, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2010, p. 472-478.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poly(aniline) doped with 5-formyl-2-furansulfonic acid

T2 - A humidity memory

AU - Vilkman, Marja

AU - Lehtinen, Kaisa

AU - Mäkelä, Tapio

AU - Rannou, P.

AU - Ikkala, O.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present a new concept for a humidity sensor based on doped poly(aniline) that shows irreversible changes of its sheet resistance and capacitance upon exposure to humid conditions, i.e. a humidity memory. Therein humidity triggers an irreversible dedoping process, which results in a phase separation and crystallization of the hydrated form of its protonating agent, as suggested by combining FT-IR and UV–Vis-NIR spectroscopies, optical microscopy, dc-conductivity, and frequency dependent capacitance measurements. We also introduce a simple concept to activate the sensor and to monitor it through non-contact capacitance measurements. We anticipate that the proposed concept could be implemented for functional packaging to qualitatively detect whether their contents have been exposed to humidity during their transportation and storage history.

AB - We present a new concept for a humidity sensor based on doped poly(aniline) that shows irreversible changes of its sheet resistance and capacitance upon exposure to humid conditions, i.e. a humidity memory. Therein humidity triggers an irreversible dedoping process, which results in a phase separation and crystallization of the hydrated form of its protonating agent, as suggested by combining FT-IR and UV–Vis-NIR spectroscopies, optical microscopy, dc-conductivity, and frequency dependent capacitance measurements. We also introduce a simple concept to activate the sensor and to monitor it through non-contact capacitance measurements. We anticipate that the proposed concept could be implemented for functional packaging to qualitatively detect whether their contents have been exposed to humidity during their transportation and storage history.

KW - Functional dopant

KW - Humidity sensor

KW - Irreversible

KW - Polyaniline

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DO - 10.1016/j.orgel.2009.11.031

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EP - 478

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