Polycyclic organic material (POM) in urban air: Fractionation, chemical analysis and genotoxicity of particulate and vapour phases in an industrial town in Finland

Heikki Pyysalo, Jari Tuominen, Kim Wickström, Eija Skyttä, Leena Tikkanen, Sisko Salomaa, Marja Sorsa, Tuomo Nurmela, Tiina Mattila, Veikko Pohjola

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Abstract

Polycyclic organic material (POM) was collected by high-volume sampling on filter and on XAD-2 resin from the air of a small industrial town in Finland. Concurrent chemical analysis and the assays for genotoxic activity were performed on the particulate and the vapour phases of ambient air POM and their chemical fractions. Furthermore, correlations between seasonal meteorological parameters and POM concentrations were studied to reveal characteristic POM profiles for various emission sources. The range of total POM concentrations varied from 115 to 380 ng m−3 in late spring and from 17 to 83 ng m−3 in early winter. No direct correlation of ambient POM was seen with the temperature, but rather with the wind direction from various emission sources. Especially the low molecular weight compounds were associated with wind direction from industrial sources. Genotoxic activity, as detected by the Ames Salmonella/microsome test and the SCE assay in CHO cells, was found not only in the paniculate phase samples but also in the vapour phase. The polar fractions of some of the samples showed genotoxic activity, and also direct mutagenicity was observed with both the assay systems; these facts support the significance of compounds other than conventional polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1180
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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genotoxicity
chemical analysis
fractionation
air
assay
wind direction
mutagenicity
ambient air
material
resin
PAH
filter
winter
sampling
temperature

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Pyysalo, Heikki ; Tuominen, Jari ; Wickström, Kim ; Skyttä, Eija ; Tikkanen, Leena ; Salomaa, Sisko ; Sorsa, Marja ; Nurmela, Tuomo ; Mattila, Tiina ; Pohjola, Veikko. / Polycyclic organic material (POM) in urban air : Fractionation, chemical analysis and genotoxicity of particulate and vapour phases in an industrial town in Finland. In: Atmospheric Environment. 1987 ; Vol. 21, No. 5. pp. 1167-1180.
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abstract = "Polycyclic organic material (POM) was collected by high-volume sampling on filter and on XAD-2 resin from the air of a small industrial town in Finland. Concurrent chemical analysis and the assays for genotoxic activity were performed on the particulate and the vapour phases of ambient air POM and their chemical fractions. Furthermore, correlations between seasonal meteorological parameters and POM concentrations were studied to reveal characteristic POM profiles for various emission sources. The range of total POM concentrations varied from 115 to 380 ng m−3 in late spring and from 17 to 83 ng m−3 in early winter. No direct correlation of ambient POM was seen with the temperature, but rather with the wind direction from various emission sources. Especially the low molecular weight compounds were associated with wind direction from industrial sources. Genotoxic activity, as detected by the Ames Salmonella/microsome test and the SCE assay in CHO cells, was found not only in the paniculate phase samples but also in the vapour phase. The polar fractions of some of the samples showed genotoxic activity, and also direct mutagenicity was observed with both the assay systems; these facts support the significance of compounds other than conventional polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the samples.",
author = "Heikki Pyysalo and Jari Tuominen and Kim Wickstr{\"o}m and Eija Skytt{\"a} and Leena Tikkanen and Sisko Salomaa and Marja Sorsa and Tuomo Nurmela and Tiina Mattila and Veikko Pohjola",
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Pyysalo, H, Tuominen, J, Wickström, K, Skyttä, E, Tikkanen, L, Salomaa, S, Sorsa, M, Nurmela, T, Mattila, T & Pohjola, V 1987, 'Polycyclic organic material (POM) in urban air: Fractionation, chemical analysis and genotoxicity of particulate and vapour phases in an industrial town in Finland', Atmospheric Environment, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1167-1180. https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(87)90244-7

Polycyclic organic material (POM) in urban air : Fractionation, chemical analysis and genotoxicity of particulate and vapour phases in an industrial town in Finland. / Pyysalo, Heikki; Tuominen, Jari; Wickström, Kim; Skyttä, Eija; Tikkanen, Leena; Salomaa, Sisko; Sorsa, Marja; Nurmela, Tuomo; Mattila, Tiina; Pohjola, Veikko.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 21, No. 5, 1987, p. 1167-1180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polycyclic organic material (POM) in urban air

T2 - Fractionation, chemical analysis and genotoxicity of particulate and vapour phases in an industrial town in Finland

AU - Pyysalo, Heikki

AU - Tuominen, Jari

AU - Wickström, Kim

AU - Skyttä, Eija

AU - Tikkanen, Leena

AU - Salomaa, Sisko

AU - Sorsa, Marja

AU - Nurmela, Tuomo

AU - Mattila, Tiina

AU - Pohjola, Veikko

N1 - LIS: A3 CA: ELI CA: GEO

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Polycyclic organic material (POM) was collected by high-volume sampling on filter and on XAD-2 resin from the air of a small industrial town in Finland. Concurrent chemical analysis and the assays for genotoxic activity were performed on the particulate and the vapour phases of ambient air POM and their chemical fractions. Furthermore, correlations between seasonal meteorological parameters and POM concentrations were studied to reveal characteristic POM profiles for various emission sources. The range of total POM concentrations varied from 115 to 380 ng m−3 in late spring and from 17 to 83 ng m−3 in early winter. No direct correlation of ambient POM was seen with the temperature, but rather with the wind direction from various emission sources. Especially the low molecular weight compounds were associated with wind direction from industrial sources. Genotoxic activity, as detected by the Ames Salmonella/microsome test and the SCE assay in CHO cells, was found not only in the paniculate phase samples but also in the vapour phase. The polar fractions of some of the samples showed genotoxic activity, and also direct mutagenicity was observed with both the assay systems; these facts support the significance of compounds other than conventional polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the samples.

AB - Polycyclic organic material (POM) was collected by high-volume sampling on filter and on XAD-2 resin from the air of a small industrial town in Finland. Concurrent chemical analysis and the assays for genotoxic activity were performed on the particulate and the vapour phases of ambient air POM and their chemical fractions. Furthermore, correlations between seasonal meteorological parameters and POM concentrations were studied to reveal characteristic POM profiles for various emission sources. The range of total POM concentrations varied from 115 to 380 ng m−3 in late spring and from 17 to 83 ng m−3 in early winter. No direct correlation of ambient POM was seen with the temperature, but rather with the wind direction from various emission sources. Especially the low molecular weight compounds were associated with wind direction from industrial sources. Genotoxic activity, as detected by the Ames Salmonella/microsome test and the SCE assay in CHO cells, was found not only in the paniculate phase samples but also in the vapour phase. The polar fractions of some of the samples showed genotoxic activity, and also direct mutagenicity was observed with both the assay systems; these facts support the significance of compounds other than conventional polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the samples.

U2 - 10.1016/0004-6981(87)90244-7

DO - 10.1016/0004-6981(87)90244-7

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 1167

EP - 1180

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

IS - 5

ER -