Porosity of thin diamond-like carbon films deposited by an arc discharge method

Jari Koskinen, Ulla Ehrnsten, Amar Mahiout, Reima Lahtinen, Juha-Pekka Hirvonen, Simo-Pekka Hannula

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    Abstract

    In an arc-discharge method, diamond-like carbon (DLC) films are deposited by condensation of highly ionized carbon plasma on a substrate. These films, which are virtually hydrogen free, are best characterized as amorphous diamond. As reported previously, a low friction coefficient and a wear coefficient an order of a magnitude lower that that of silicon carbide has been determined in dry sliding contact with hardened carbon steel. These films are also presumably inherently highly corrosion resistant. However, utilization of DLC films in corrosive evironments depends on the degree of porosity. In this work we have determined the porosity of films deposited either with or without enhanced particle filtering, which was accomplished by hindrance plates inside the curved-magnetic-field solenoid. As substrates, discs of plain carbon steel with a diameter of 100 mm were employed. The samples were exposed to a neutral salt spray and the pores were determined using a Ferroxyl test and electrochemical measurements. The microstructural features and defects identified in corrosion and porosity tests were studied in detail using metallographic methods and scanning electron microscopy. On the basis of the results, the possibilities for using DLC films in corrosive environments are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)356 - 360
    Number of pages5
    JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
    Volume62
    Issue number1-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Diamond like carbon films
    arc discharges
    Caustics
    Porosity
    diamonds
    porosity
    Carbon steel
    carbon
    Corrosion
    Diamond
    Solenoids
    carbon steels
    Substrates
    Silicon carbide
    Hydrogen
    Condensation
    Diamonds
    Carbon
    Salts
    Wear of materials

    Cite this

    Koskinen, Jari ; Ehrnsten, Ulla ; Mahiout, Amar ; Lahtinen, Reima ; Hirvonen, Juha-Pekka ; Hannula, Simo-Pekka. / Porosity of thin diamond-like carbon films deposited by an arc discharge method. In: Surface and Coatings Technology. 1993 ; Vol. 62, No. 1-3. pp. 356 - 360.
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    title = "Porosity of thin diamond-like carbon films deposited by an arc discharge method",
    abstract = "In an arc-discharge method, diamond-like carbon (DLC) films are deposited by condensation of highly ionized carbon plasma on a substrate. These films, which are virtually hydrogen free, are best characterized as amorphous diamond. As reported previously, a low friction coefficient and a wear coefficient an order of a magnitude lower that that of silicon carbide has been determined in dry sliding contact with hardened carbon steel. These films are also presumably inherently highly corrosion resistant. However, utilization of DLC films in corrosive evironments depends on the degree of porosity. In this work we have determined the porosity of films deposited either with or without enhanced particle filtering, which was accomplished by hindrance plates inside the curved-magnetic-field solenoid. As substrates, discs of plain carbon steel with a diameter of 100 mm were employed. The samples were exposed to a neutral salt spray and the pores were determined using a Ferroxyl test and electrochemical measurements. The microstructural features and defects identified in corrosion and porosity tests were studied in detail using metallographic methods and scanning electron microscopy. On the basis of the results, the possibilities for using DLC films in corrosive environments are discussed.",
    author = "Jari Koskinen and Ulla Ehrnsten and Amar Mahiout and Reima Lahtinen and Juha-Pekka Hirvonen and Simo-Pekka Hannula",
    note = "Project code: KOT1010",
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    Koskinen, J, Ehrnsten, U, Mahiout, A, Lahtinen, R, Hirvonen, J-P & Hannula, S-P 1993, 'Porosity of thin diamond-like carbon films deposited by an arc discharge method', Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 62, no. 1-3, pp. 356 - 360. https://doi.org/10.1016/0257-8972(93)90267-R

    Porosity of thin diamond-like carbon films deposited by an arc discharge method. / Koskinen, Jari; Ehrnsten, Ulla; Mahiout, Amar; Lahtinen, Reima; Hirvonen, Juha-Pekka; Hannula, Simo-Pekka.

    In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 62, No. 1-3, 1993, p. 356 - 360.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Porosity of thin diamond-like carbon films deposited by an arc discharge method

    AU - Koskinen, Jari

    AU - Ehrnsten, Ulla

    AU - Mahiout, Amar

    AU - Lahtinen, Reima

    AU - Hirvonen, Juha-Pekka

    AU - Hannula, Simo-Pekka

    N1 - Project code: KOT1010

    PY - 1993

    Y1 - 1993

    N2 - In an arc-discharge method, diamond-like carbon (DLC) films are deposited by condensation of highly ionized carbon plasma on a substrate. These films, which are virtually hydrogen free, are best characterized as amorphous diamond. As reported previously, a low friction coefficient and a wear coefficient an order of a magnitude lower that that of silicon carbide has been determined in dry sliding contact with hardened carbon steel. These films are also presumably inherently highly corrosion resistant. However, utilization of DLC films in corrosive evironments depends on the degree of porosity. In this work we have determined the porosity of films deposited either with or without enhanced particle filtering, which was accomplished by hindrance plates inside the curved-magnetic-field solenoid. As substrates, discs of plain carbon steel with a diameter of 100 mm were employed. The samples were exposed to a neutral salt spray and the pores were determined using a Ferroxyl test and electrochemical measurements. The microstructural features and defects identified in corrosion and porosity tests were studied in detail using metallographic methods and scanning electron microscopy. On the basis of the results, the possibilities for using DLC films in corrosive environments are discussed.

    AB - In an arc-discharge method, diamond-like carbon (DLC) films are deposited by condensation of highly ionized carbon plasma on a substrate. These films, which are virtually hydrogen free, are best characterized as amorphous diamond. As reported previously, a low friction coefficient and a wear coefficient an order of a magnitude lower that that of silicon carbide has been determined in dry sliding contact with hardened carbon steel. These films are also presumably inherently highly corrosion resistant. However, utilization of DLC films in corrosive evironments depends on the degree of porosity. In this work we have determined the porosity of films deposited either with or without enhanced particle filtering, which was accomplished by hindrance plates inside the curved-magnetic-field solenoid. As substrates, discs of plain carbon steel with a diameter of 100 mm were employed. The samples were exposed to a neutral salt spray and the pores were determined using a Ferroxyl test and electrochemical measurements. The microstructural features and defects identified in corrosion and porosity tests were studied in detail using metallographic methods and scanning electron microscopy. On the basis of the results, the possibilities for using DLC films in corrosive environments are discussed.

    U2 - 10.1016/0257-8972(93)90267-R

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    JO - Surface and Coatings Technology

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