Positive Energy District: A new puzzle piece for cities' energy transformation

Mari Hukkalainen, Francesco Reda, Krzysztof Klobut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional


Positive energy districts are one of today’s trending research topic for decarbonizing cities’ energy systems. Mitigating climate crisis requires a huge transformation process to decarbonise the energy system. Both energy efficiency and the integration of renewable energy need to be increased, which also increases the need for energy flexibility, ICT solutions and holistic approach to developing districts and cities.
Positive energy blocks and districts are currently demonstrated in many EU funded Smart City lighthouse projects around Europe. In Finland, adapting of the concept of PEDs into practise are demonstrated among others in the lighthouse cities of Espoo (in SPARCS project), Oulu (MAKING-CITY project) and Turku (RESPONSE project).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2021
MoE publication typeD1 Article in a trade journal


  • PED
  • Positive energy district
  • Energy flexibility
  • Ground source heat pump
  • SPARCS project


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