Power generation using fast pyrolysis liquids from biomass

David Chiaramonti, Anja Oasmaa, Yrjö Solantausta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

441 Citations (Scopus)


Power production from biomass derived pyrolysis liquids has been under development for the past few years. If technically successful, it would make decentralized bio-energy production possible. Several technologies and system components have been developed by academia, R&D organizations, and industrial companies in many countries. Much experience has been gained and many useful results published. The present work aims at reviewing the most significant experience in power generation from biomass liquids produced by fast pyrolysis processes. Power plant technologies addressed are diesel engines, gas turbines, and natural gas/steam power plants. Main results are reviewed and R&D needs identified for each technology. The analysis shows that even for the most promising solutions long-term demonstration has not yet been achieved. Pyrolysis liquid use in gas turbine plants and in co-firing mode in large power stations are technically most advanced. Recent work with diesel engines also appears quite promising.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1056-1086
Number of pages31
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Biomass
  • Co-firing
  • Engine
  • Gas turbine
  • Power
  • Pyrolysis

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