PP composites with hybrid nanofillers: NTC phenomenon

Juha Sarlin, Kirsi Immonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Electric conductive plastic composites have a wide potential for commercial applications, some examples are EMI shielding housings and components in automotive industry and in consumer electronics, equipments in health care sector and fuel cell components.
A phenomenon in conductive composites, especially in composites with carbon based fillers, is change of thermal induced change in conductivity as a result of morphological transitions. Usually the observed changes are practically irreversible. The phenomenon may cause increasing resistivity, usually called as “positive temperature coefficient” (PTC) or decreasing resistivity, called “negative temperature coefficient (NTC), where the new morphology created by heat treatment is more favorable for electric conductivity compared to the original state.
The existence of NTC is a sing of the lost potential in material design and processing. Therefore detailed information about the phenomenon gives us tools to develop high performance conductive materials. It this paper we discuss about NTC phenomenon observed in PP composites with CNT or in‐situ synthesized CNT‐PANi hybrid nanofiller with an amphiphilic dispersing agent.
The goal of the paper is not to present a comprehensive model of this phenomenon; we present some experimental results which may be related to polymer‐filler interactions.
These details are a part of this complicated phenomenon.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Subtitle of host publication5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics AIP
Pages85-88
ISBN (Print)978-0-7354-0804-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites - Ischia, Italy
Duration: 20 Jun 201023 Jun 2010

Publication series

SeriesAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1255
ISSN0094-243X

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites
CountryItaly
CityIschia
Period20/06/1023/06/10

Fingerprint

Negative temperature coefficient
Composite materials
Conductive plastics
Positive temperature coefficient
Conductive materials
Consumer electronics
Health care
Automotive industry
Shielding
Fillers
Fuel cells
Electronic equipment
Heat treatment
Carbon
Processing

Keywords

  • Conducting polymers
  • Electrical and magnetic properties related to treatment conditions
  • Nanoparticles in polymers
  • Nanotubes
  • Organic-inorganic hybrid nanostructures
  • Reinforced polymers and polymer-based composites
  • Solids

Cite this

Sarlin, J., & Immonen, K. (2010). PP composites with hybrid nanofillers: NTC phenomenon. In AIP Conference Proceedings: 5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites (pp. 85-88). American Institute of Physics AIP. AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol.. 1255 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3455674
Sarlin, Juha ; Immonen, Kirsi. / PP composites with hybrid nanofillers : NTC phenomenon. AIP Conference Proceedings: 5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites. American Institute of Physics AIP, 2010. pp. 85-88 (AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1255).
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title = "PP composites with hybrid nanofillers: NTC phenomenon",
abstract = "Electric conductive plastic composites have a wide potential for commercial applications, some examples are EMI shielding housings and components in automotive industry and in consumer electronics, equipments in health care sector and fuel cell components. A phenomenon in conductive composites, especially in composites with carbon based fillers, is change of thermal induced change in conductivity as a result of morphological transitions. Usually the observed changes are practically irreversible. The phenomenon may cause increasing resistivity, usually called as “positive temperature coefficient” (PTC) or decreasing resistivity, called “negative temperature coefficient (NTC), where the new morphology created by heat treatment is more favorable for electric conductivity compared to the original state. The existence of NTC is a sing of the lost potential in material design and processing. Therefore detailed information about the phenomenon gives us tools to develop high performance conductive materials. It this paper we discuss about NTC phenomenon observed in PP composites with CNT or in‐situ synthesized CNT‐PANi hybrid nanofiller with an amphiphilic dispersing agent. The goal of the paper is not to present a comprehensive model of this phenomenon; we present some experimental results which may be related to polymer‐filler interactions. These details are a part of this complicated phenomenon.",
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Sarlin, J & Immonen, K 2010, PP composites with hybrid nanofillers: NTC phenomenon. in AIP Conference Proceedings: 5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites. American Institute of Physics AIP, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1255, pp. 85-88, 5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites, Ischia, Italy, 20/06/10. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3455674

PP composites with hybrid nanofillers : NTC phenomenon. / Sarlin, Juha; Immonen, Kirsi.

AIP Conference Proceedings: 5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites. American Institute of Physics AIP, 2010. p. 85-88 (AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1255).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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N2 - Electric conductive plastic composites have a wide potential for commercial applications, some examples are EMI shielding housings and components in automotive industry and in consumer electronics, equipments in health care sector and fuel cell components. A phenomenon in conductive composites, especially in composites with carbon based fillers, is change of thermal induced change in conductivity as a result of morphological transitions. Usually the observed changes are practically irreversible. The phenomenon may cause increasing resistivity, usually called as “positive temperature coefficient” (PTC) or decreasing resistivity, called “negative temperature coefficient (NTC), where the new morphology created by heat treatment is more favorable for electric conductivity compared to the original state. The existence of NTC is a sing of the lost potential in material design and processing. Therefore detailed information about the phenomenon gives us tools to develop high performance conductive materials. It this paper we discuss about NTC phenomenon observed in PP composites with CNT or in‐situ synthesized CNT‐PANi hybrid nanofiller with an amphiphilic dispersing agent. The goal of the paper is not to present a comprehensive model of this phenomenon; we present some experimental results which may be related to polymer‐filler interactions. These details are a part of this complicated phenomenon.

AB - Electric conductive plastic composites have a wide potential for commercial applications, some examples are EMI shielding housings and components in automotive industry and in consumer electronics, equipments in health care sector and fuel cell components. A phenomenon in conductive composites, especially in composites with carbon based fillers, is change of thermal induced change in conductivity as a result of morphological transitions. Usually the observed changes are practically irreversible. The phenomenon may cause increasing resistivity, usually called as “positive temperature coefficient” (PTC) or decreasing resistivity, called “negative temperature coefficient (NTC), where the new morphology created by heat treatment is more favorable for electric conductivity compared to the original state. The existence of NTC is a sing of the lost potential in material design and processing. Therefore detailed information about the phenomenon gives us tools to develop high performance conductive materials. It this paper we discuss about NTC phenomenon observed in PP composites with CNT or in‐situ synthesized CNT‐PANi hybrid nanofiller with an amphiphilic dispersing agent. The goal of the paper is not to present a comprehensive model of this phenomenon; we present some experimental results which may be related to polymer‐filler interactions. These details are a part of this complicated phenomenon.

KW - Conducting polymers

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Sarlin J, Immonen K. PP composites with hybrid nanofillers: NTC phenomenon. In AIP Conference Proceedings: 5th International Conference on Times of Polymers (TOP) and Composites. American Institute of Physics AIP. 2010. p. 85-88. (AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1255). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3455674