Practical study of psychrometer calibrations

Anders Bonde Kentved (Corresponding Author), Martti Heinonen, Domen Hudoklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychrometers remain the most widely used instruments for controlling the humidity in climatic test chambers, yet the calibration of these instruments is particularly challenging. Psychrometer calibrations require careful consideration of influence variables such as the fitting and cleanliness of the wick, the effect of the calibration chamber on the air flow past the sensors, on radiation incident on the sensors, and on the dissipation heat from the built-in fan (if included). In addition, uncertainty requirements for calibration of such psychrometers are typically around 1 %rh to 2 %rh, i.e., close to the best calibration and measurement uncertainties (CMCs) claimed by national metrology institutes (NMIs). As well as their role in supporting CMCs, inter-comparisons provide a good test-ground to ensure all influence variables are controlled or otherwise accounted for in the uncertainty budget. This paper presents the results of a comparison of psychrometer calibrations performed by the NMIs in Denmark, Slovenia, and Finland. The comparison was carried out under EURAMET Project No. 1033 with the aim to investigate the equivalence of psychrometer calibrations performed at the highest level and to gather practical experience to be used in similar comparisons in the future. An aspirated electro-psychrometer was used for the comparison, and calibrations were carried out in the range from 15 %rh to 93 %rh in a temperature range from 15 °C to 70 °C. While the results show good agreement at high relative humidity, significant differences at low relative humidity are reported. It is suggested that the differences are caused by a combination of psychrometer wick contamination and a difference in the wick-wetting methods used by the participant laboratories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1408-1421
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Volume33
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

psychrometers
wicks
humidity
metrology
ground tests
Denmark
test chambers
cleanliness
Finland
incident radiation
sensors
air flow
fans
budgets
wetting
equivalence
contamination
chambers
cooling
requirements

Keywords

  • calibration
  • psychrometers
  • relative-humidity measurement
  • wick wetting

Cite this

Kentved, Anders Bonde ; Heinonen, Martti ; Hudoklin, Domen. / Practical study of psychrometer calibrations. In: International Journal of Thermophysics. 2012 ; Vol. 33, No. 8-9. pp. 1408-1421.
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Practical study of psychrometer calibrations. / Kentved, Anders Bonde (Corresponding Author); Heinonen, Martti; Hudoklin, Domen.

In: International Journal of Thermophysics, Vol. 33, No. 8-9, 2012, p. 1408-1421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Practical study of psychrometer calibrations

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AB - Psychrometers remain the most widely used instruments for controlling the humidity in climatic test chambers, yet the calibration of these instruments is particularly challenging. Psychrometer calibrations require careful consideration of influence variables such as the fitting and cleanliness of the wick, the effect of the calibration chamber on the air flow past the sensors, on radiation incident on the sensors, and on the dissipation heat from the built-in fan (if included). In addition, uncertainty requirements for calibration of such psychrometers are typically around 1 %rh to 2 %rh, i.e., close to the best calibration and measurement uncertainties (CMCs) claimed by national metrology institutes (NMIs). As well as their role in supporting CMCs, inter-comparisons provide a good test-ground to ensure all influence variables are controlled or otherwise accounted for in the uncertainty budget. This paper presents the results of a comparison of psychrometer calibrations performed by the NMIs in Denmark, Slovenia, and Finland. The comparison was carried out under EURAMET Project No. 1033 with the aim to investigate the equivalence of psychrometer calibrations performed at the highest level and to gather practical experience to be used in similar comparisons in the future. An aspirated electro-psychrometer was used for the comparison, and calibrations were carried out in the range from 15 %rh to 93 %rh in a temperature range from 15 °C to 70 °C. While the results show good agreement at high relative humidity, significant differences at low relative humidity are reported. It is suggested that the differences are caused by a combination of psychrometer wick contamination and a difference in the wick-wetting methods used by the participant laboratories.

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