Carbon modified titanium dioxide nanostructured (CMTN) was successfully fabricated by ethanol carbonization method and applied to modify the surface of glassy carbon electrode. This modified electrode was employed in the extraction and the electrochemical determination of methylene blue. The considerable increment in the voltammetric signal for preadsorbed methylene blue compared with those for solution, demonstrated a strong tendency of methylene blue to CMTN which was rooted in porous structure of CMTN and the electrostatic interaction between cationic methylene blue with negative surface of the CMTN. By applying differential pulse voltammetry, a calibration curve is obtained for methylene blue in the range of 1.0 × 10-8 to 1.0 × 10-5 M and the limit of detection was evaluated to be 3.0× 10-9 M. In addition, the pre-adsorbed methylene blue on the surface of the modified electrode performed well in the determination of the trace amounts of lead in the real samples such as lake and tap water. Dynamic linear range for lead was investigated in the range of 1.0 × 10-7 to 5.0 × 10-4 M and the limit of detection was calculated to be 3.0× 10-8 M.
- aromatic compounds
- chemical detection
- differential pulse voltammetry