Pre-evaluation of a new process for capture of CO2 using water

Sebastian Teir, Marjut Suomalainen, Kristin Onarheim

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

A new concept for CO2 capture by absorption into water was briefly assessed. In this concept, CO2 is captured from flue gas in a pressurized bubble-type absorption column. Desorption of CO2 takes place by flashing the water at sub-atmospheric pressure (0.4 bar). This leaves a relatively high concentration of CO2 in the Water. The new concept introduces a post-desorber that enables lowering the CO2 concentration of the water further by flashing the water stream into the flue gas. This enables a higher CO2 capture efficiency at chosen pressure level than possible with other water CO2 capture concepts. The preliminary energy requirements and equipment cost seems to be similar to those of amine-based CO2 capture processes. However, more work is needed to verify these preliminary results. The water-based CO2 amine-based concepts. The water requirements are still very high so for the process to be feasible (in terms of energy requirements) it requires an external source of cooling water, i.e. preliminary results indicate that the new water-wash concept could possibly be competitive to amine-based processes for CO2 capture at a small scale (~50 kt CO2 per year), more work is needed to assess the performance and cost of the concept at a large-scale power plant circulation than amine-based processes it is possible that at larger scales amine-based processes may be favourable (e.g. due to space requirements and technical challenges related to circulation of very large amounts of water). Still, the new water-based CO2 capture concept seems promising based on this initial assessment and warrants further work.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Research Report
VolumeVTT-R-04035-14

Keywords

  • carbon capture
  • water
  • absorption
  • carbon dioxide

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    Teir, S., Suomalainen, M., & Onarheim, K. (2014). Pre-evaluation of a new process for capture of CO2 using water. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Report, Vol.. VTT-R-04035-14 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/julkaisut/muut/2014/VTT-R-04035-14.pdf