The P91 steel is widely used in high temperature components of power plants, and it is a candidate material for Gen-IV reactors. The P91 steel has relatively attractive mechanical and physical properties combined with resistance to stress corrosion cracking in water-steam environments. This study aimed to explore the combined cyclic, creep and relaxation behaviour of P91 material. Uniaxial specimens were subjected to cyclic loadings with periodic forward creep or relaxation at peak stress. The results indicate that prior creep or intermediate relaxation periods up to 72 h will influence the subsequent cyclic softening of P91, but do not significantly reduce the cyclic life. In contrast, prior cycling has a detrimental effect on the subsequent creep life. A simplified creep-fatigue model is shown to predict life better than usual code-based approaches. Improved verification of all models would benefit from the availability of more extensive long-term data on P91 steel.
- cyclic behaviour
- P91 steel
- stress relaxation
Pohja, R., Holmström, S., Auerkari, P., & Nurmela, A. (2017). Predicted life of P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service. Materials at High Temperatures, 34(5-6), 301-310. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603409.2017.1383710