Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The ferritic-martensitic steel P91 (X10CrMoVNb9-1) is widely used in high temperature steam systems of power plants, and it is a candidate material for Gen-IV reactors. In comparison to austenitic steels, thick-wall P91 has relatively attractive mechanical and physical properties combined with resistance to stress corrosion cracking in water-steam environments. This study aimed to explore the combined cyclic, creep and relaxation behaviour of P91 material up to a component wall thickness of 60 mm. Uniaxial specimens were subjected to cyclic loadings with periodic forward creep or relaxation at peak stress. The results indicate that prior creep or intermediate relaxation periods up to 72 h will influence the subsequent cyclic softening of P91, but do not significantly reduce the cyclic life. In contrast, prior cycling has a detrimental effect on the subsequent creep life. A simplified creep-fatigue model is shown to predict life better than usual code-based approaches for cyclic service of P91 steel. Improved verification of all models would benefit from the availability of more extensive long-term data on P91 steel.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    EventConference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7 - Portsmouth, United Kingdom
    Duration: 15 May 201717 May 2017

    Conference

    ConferenceConference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7
    Abbreviated titleHIDA-7
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityPortsmouth
    Period15/05/1717/05/17

    Fingerprint

    Creep
    Steel
    Steam
    Temperature
    Martensitic steel
    Austenitic steel
    Ferritic steel
    Stress corrosion cracking
    Power plants
    Physical properties
    Availability
    Fatigue of materials
    Mechanical properties
    Water

    Keywords

    • P91 steel
    • creep-fatigue
    • cyclic behaviour
    • stress relaxation

    Cite this

    Pohja, R., Holmström, S., Auerkari, P., & Nurmela, A. (2017). Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service. Paper presented at Conference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
    Pohja, Rami ; Holmström, Stefan ; Auerkari, Pertti ; Nurmela, Asta. / Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service. Paper presented at Conference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
    @conference{ef9eda11f8884040932bfaa137cef24d,
    title = "Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service",
    abstract = "The ferritic-martensitic steel P91 (X10CrMoVNb9-1) is widely used in high temperature steam systems of power plants, and it is a candidate material for Gen-IV reactors. In comparison to austenitic steels, thick-wall P91 has relatively attractive mechanical and physical properties combined with resistance to stress corrosion cracking in water-steam environments. This study aimed to explore the combined cyclic, creep and relaxation behaviour of P91 material up to a component wall thickness of 60 mm. Uniaxial specimens were subjected to cyclic loadings with periodic forward creep or relaxation at peak stress. The results indicate that prior creep or intermediate relaxation periods up to 72 h will influence the subsequent cyclic softening of P91, but do not significantly reduce the cyclic life. In contrast, prior cycling has a detrimental effect on the subsequent creep life. A simplified creep-fatigue model is shown to predict life better than usual code-based approaches for cyclic service of P91 steel. Improved verification of all models would benefit from the availability of more extensive long-term data on P91 steel.",
    keywords = "P91 steel, creep-fatigue, cyclic behaviour, stress relaxation",
    author = "Rami Pohja and Stefan Holmstr{\"o}m and Pertti Auerkari and Asta Nurmela",
    note = "MIP: Safe and Sustainable; Conference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7, HIDA-7 ; Conference date: 15-05-2017 Through 17-05-2017",
    year = "2017",
    language = "English",

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    Pohja, R, Holmström, S, Auerkari, P & Nurmela, A 2017, 'Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service', Paper presented at Conference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7, Portsmouth, United Kingdom, 15/05/17 - 17/05/17.

    Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service. / Pohja, Rami; Holmström, Stefan; Auerkari, Pertti; Nurmela, Asta.

    2017. Paper presented at Conference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service

    AU - Pohja, Rami

    AU - Holmström, Stefan

    AU - Auerkari, Pertti

    AU - Nurmela, Asta

    N1 - MIP: Safe and Sustainable

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - The ferritic-martensitic steel P91 (X10CrMoVNb9-1) is widely used in high temperature steam systems of power plants, and it is a candidate material for Gen-IV reactors. In comparison to austenitic steels, thick-wall P91 has relatively attractive mechanical and physical properties combined with resistance to stress corrosion cracking in water-steam environments. This study aimed to explore the combined cyclic, creep and relaxation behaviour of P91 material up to a component wall thickness of 60 mm. Uniaxial specimens were subjected to cyclic loadings with periodic forward creep or relaxation at peak stress. The results indicate that prior creep or intermediate relaxation periods up to 72 h will influence the subsequent cyclic softening of P91, but do not significantly reduce the cyclic life. In contrast, prior cycling has a detrimental effect on the subsequent creep life. A simplified creep-fatigue model is shown to predict life better than usual code-based approaches for cyclic service of P91 steel. Improved verification of all models would benefit from the availability of more extensive long-term data on P91 steel.

    AB - The ferritic-martensitic steel P91 (X10CrMoVNb9-1) is widely used in high temperature steam systems of power plants, and it is a candidate material for Gen-IV reactors. In comparison to austenitic steels, thick-wall P91 has relatively attractive mechanical and physical properties combined with resistance to stress corrosion cracking in water-steam environments. This study aimed to explore the combined cyclic, creep and relaxation behaviour of P91 material up to a component wall thickness of 60 mm. Uniaxial specimens were subjected to cyclic loadings with periodic forward creep or relaxation at peak stress. The results indicate that prior creep or intermediate relaxation periods up to 72 h will influence the subsequent cyclic softening of P91, but do not significantly reduce the cyclic life. In contrast, prior cycling has a detrimental effect on the subsequent creep life. A simplified creep-fatigue model is shown to predict life better than usual code-based approaches for cyclic service of P91 steel. Improved verification of all models would benefit from the availability of more extensive long-term data on P91 steel.

    KW - P91 steel

    KW - creep-fatigue

    KW - cyclic behaviour

    KW - stress relaxation

    M3 - Conference article

    ER -

    Pohja R, Holmström S, Auerkari P, Nurmela A. Predicted life of thick-wall P91 steel for cyclic high temperature service. 2017. Paper presented at Conference on Life/Crack Assessment & Failures in Industrial Structures, HIDA-7, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.