Predicting Headline Effectiveness in Online News Media using Transfer Learning with BERT

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The decision to read an article in online news media or social networks is often based on the headline, and thus writing effective headlines is an important but difficult task for the journalists and content creators. Even defining an effective headline is a challenge, since the objective is to avoid click-bait headlines and be sure that the article contents fulfill the expectations set by the headline. Once defined and measured, headline effectiveness can be used for content filtering or recommending articles with effective headlines. In this paper, a metric based on received clicks and reading time is proposed to classify news media content into four classes describing headline effectiveness. A deep neural network model using the Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) is employed to classify the headlines into the four classes, and its performance is compared to that of journalists. The proposed model achieves an accuracy of 59% on the four-class classificat ion, and 72-78% on corresponding binary classification tasks. The model outperforms the journalists being almost twice as accurate on a random sample of headlines.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Deep Learning Theory and Applications, DeLTA 2021
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Deep Learning Theory and Applications
EditorsAna Fred, Carlo Sansone, Kurosh Madani
PublisherSciTePress
Pages29-37
Number of pages9
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)978-989-758-526-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event2nd International Conference on Deep Learning Theory and Applications - Online
Duration: 7 Jul 20219 Jul 2021

Webinar

Webinar2nd International Conference on Deep Learning Theory and Applications
Period7/07/219/07/21

Keywords

  • BERT
  • Headline Effectiveness
  • Journalism
  • Machine Learning
  • Natural Language Processing

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