Predicting rotation for ITER via studies of intrinsic torque and momentum transport in DIII-D

C. Chrystal, B. Grierson, G. Staebler, C. Petty, W. Solomon, J. deGrassie, K. Burrell, Tuomas Tala, Antti Salmi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    Experiments at the DIII-D tokamak have used dimensionless parameter scans to investigate the dependencies of intrinsic torque and momentum transport in order to inform a prediction of the rotation profile in ITER. Measurements of intrinsic torque profiles and momentum confinement time in dimensionless parameter scans of normalized gyroradius and collisionality are used to predict the amount of intrinsic rotation in the pedestal of ITER. Additional scans of Te/Ti and safety factor are used to determine the accuracy of momentum flux predictions of the quasi-linear gyrokinetic code TGLF. In these scans, applications of modulated torque are used to measure the incremental momentum diffusivity, and results are consistent with the E×B shear suppression of turbulent transport. These incremental transport measurements are also compared with the TGLF results. In order to form a prediction of the rotation profile for ITER, the pedestal prediction is used as a boundary condition to a simulation that uses TGLF to determine the transport in the core of the plasma. The predicted rotation is ≈20 krad/s in the core, lower than in many current tokamak operating scenarios. TGLF predictions show that this rotation is still significant enough to have a strong effect on confinement via E×B shear.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number056113
    JournalPhysics of Plasmas
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    This material was based upon the work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, using the DIII-D National Fusion Facility, a DOE Office of Science user facility, under Award Nos. DE-FC02-04ER54698 and DE-AC02-09CH11466. A portion of this work has been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and has received funding from the Euratom research and training programme 2014-2018 under Grant Agreement No. 633053. A portion of this work was conducted under the auspices of the ITPA Transport and Confinement Topical Group.


    • forecasting
    • magnetoplasma
    • momentum
    • momentum transfer
    • rotation
    • safety factor
    • shear flow
    • torque
    • dimensionless parameters
    • gyrokinetic codes
    • momentum confinement
    • momentum diffusivity
    • momentum transports
    • shear suppression
    • transport measurements
    • turbulent transports


    Dive into the research topics of 'Predicting rotation for ITER via studies of intrinsic torque and momentum transport in DIII-D'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this