In this paper we perform predictive simulations of liquid pool fires in mechanically ventilated compartments. We show that steady state burning rates are accurately predicted using a detailed model for the liquid phase heat transfer. The effect of lowered oxygen vitiation on the burning rate of pool fires is correctly captured. Simulations were done using the Fire Dynamics Simulator and the experiments considered were conducted in the OECD PRISME project. The main difference between the present study and previous simulation studies is the use of a detailed liquid evaporation model and the direct calculation of the vitiation and thermal environment interactions through the CFD solver.
- pool fire
- compartment fires
- industrial fires
Sikanen, T., & Hostikka, S. (2017). Predicting the heat release rates of liquid pool fires in mechanically ventilated compartments. Fire Safety Journal, 91, 266-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.060