Predictive simulations for plasma scenarios in the SMART tokamak

A. Mancini (Corresponding Author), L. Velarde, E. Viezzer, D. J. Cruz-Zabala, J. F. Rivero-Rodriguez, M. Garcia-Muñoz, L. Sanchis, A. Snicker, J. Segado-Fernandez, J. Garcia-Dominguez, J. Hidalgo-Salaverri, P. Cano-Megias, M. Toscano-Jimenez, PSFT Group

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The SMall Aspect Ratio Tokamak (SMART) is a new spherical machine that is currently being constructed at the University of Seville (Mancini et al., 2021; Agredano-Torres et al., 2021). The operation of SMART will cover three different phases reaching an inductive plasma current (IP) of more than 500 kA, a toroidal magnetic field (BT) of 1 T and a pulse length of 500 ms (Mancini et al., 2021; Agredano-Torres et al., 2021). The main goal of the SMART tokamak is to study high plasma confinement regimes in a broad triangularity range (-0.5≤δ≤0.5) (Doyle et al., 2021; Doyle et al., 2021). While in phase 1 the ohmic heating alone is expected to provide enough power to access the H-mode, in phase 2 and phase 3 the access to the H-mode will be ensured by applying Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) as external heating system. The NBI will consist of one injector at 25 keV and 1 MW of power. The overall design of the NBI, including injection geometry, energy and power have been optimized using the ASCOT5 code (Hirvijoki et al., 2021). The SMART scenarios have been developed with the help of the free boundary equilibrium solver code FIESTA (Cunningham, 2013) coupled to the linear time independent, rigid plasma model RZIP (Lazarus et al., 1990) to calculate the target equilibria for all the different operational phases. To assess the feasibility of those scenarios, predictive modelling needs to be included to evaluate properly the evolution of the temperatures, density profiles for both electrons and ions. To this extent, the 1.5D transport code ASTRA (Pereverzev and Yushmanov, 2002) has been used including models for the ohmic current, bootstrap current and current driven by NBI. This contribution discusses the electron and ion density and temperature profiles obtained for various scenarios for phase 1 and 2 and presents the design study of the NBI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113833
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


This work received funding from the Fondo Europeo de Desarollo Regional (FEDER) by the European Commission under grant agreement numbers IE17-5670 and US-15570 . The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 805162 ).


  • ASCOT5
  • Plasma scenarios


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