Preparation and characterisation of alfa-methylstyrene-butadiene latexes for paper coating applications

Antero Laitinen (Corresponding Author), Martti Alkio, Ulla Forsström, Ali Harlin, Harri Heikkinen, Juha Kaunisto, Annaleena Kokko, Hille Rautkoski, Lea Räsänen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    The purpose of this work is to demonstrate how α-methylstyrene (AMS) can replace styrene in preparing styrene–butadiene (SB) type latexes and to compare the properties of the paper coating of the prepared α-methylstyrene–butadiene emulsion with the commercial styrene–butadiene latex reference sample. A lot of work is nowadays being conducted on different biorefinery concepts replacing fossil oil with biomass based raw materials due to the expected rise of the fossil oil cost. Aromatics can in principle be produced from renewable raw materials, such as lignin, sugars and terpenes for example. The potential methods include thermochemical conversions, catalytic fast pyrolysis, metabolic engineering, catalytic aromatisation and dehydrogenation among others. Terpenes, such as α-limonene and pinene, are possible sources of aromatics, and they can indeed be catalytically converted to p-cymene. Industrial hydrodealkylation and disproportionation processes developed by major petrochemical companies can further convert p-cymene to BTX aromatics or simultaneously dehydrogenate the alkyl chain of p-cymene to styrenic monomers such as α-methylstyrene. Based on the measured paper properties for uncalendered and calendered coated samples, AMS proved to be adequate to replace the oil based styrene in commercial reference SB latexes. Even though the emulsion polymerisation for the α-methylstyrene–butadiene latex was not optimised, almost all tested properties were at least equally good as in the commercial reference sample. α-Methylstyrene containing coating colours had slightly higher viscosity than the other coating colours. Coating colours containing α-methylstyrene seems to have an improved water retention compared to the commercial reference styrene–butadiene latex coating colour and the laboratory prepared styrene–butadiene coating colour. The paper coated with the commercial reference latex containing coating colour was less porous than the other coated papers. Despite of that, both dry and wet surface strength were at least equally good as in the case of the commercial reference latex. The results are promising when thinking of the future development of the bio-based latexes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)411-419
    JournalProgress in Organic Coatings
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Alfa-methylstyrene
    • latexes
    • paper coating


    Dive into the research topics of 'Preparation and characterisation of alfa-methylstyrene-butadiene latexes for paper coating applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this