Pressurized pulverized fuel combustion in different concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide

Jaakko Saastamoinen (Corresponding Author), Martti Aho, Jouni Hämäläinen

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Abstract

Theoretical and experimental studies showed that increasing gas pressure at constant gas composition most strongly increases the combustion rate of less reactive coals, which are difficult to burn completely in atmospheric pulverized fuel boilers. The effect of pressure increase is greatest near 0.1 MPa and less at higher pressures. The limit at which increase in pressure has an effect varies from coal to coal, depending on the particle size. With less reactive coals and small particles, the effect can be seen at pressures greater than 1 MPa. The relative effect of pressure increases when the gas oxygen content is low, improving the burnout in furnaces. The effect of pressure is small for large particles and reactive fuels. At high pressures the rates of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions increase raising the maximum particle temperature; the higher temperature may increase the extent of devolatilization and further decrease the total combustion time. Combustion rate and the temperature of burning coal particles were measured in experiments with a pressurized entrained flow reactor under the following conditions:  gas temperature 1073−1473 K, pressure 0.2−0.8 MPa, oxygen partial pressure 0.025−0.1 MPa, and partial pressure of CO2 0.05−0.2 MPa. Measured and calculated results showed increased carbon dioxide concentration in the combustion environment to have an insignificant effect on the combustion rate in the studied temperature region, but it lowered the particle temperature to some extent, suggesting that the gasification reaction CO2−C takes place as well. Calculations indicated that in pressurized combustion the rate of gasification reaction is greater at higher temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-133
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Keywords

  • pressurized combustion
  • pulverized fuels
  • oxygen
  • carbon dioxide
  • coal
  • particle size
  • reactivity
  • gasification

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