Proactive prevention of hospital infections

Hannu Salmela, Seppo Enbom, Kimmo Heinonen, Tapio Kalliohaka, Inga Mattila, Satu Salo, Gun Wirtanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional


Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) are a global, lethal and costly problem. In Europe, HAIs occur in 7.1% of all patients resulting in 37,000 deaths and 7 billion euros in direct costs each year [1]. Current infection precautions emphasise hand hygiene, aseptic work practises and isolation of infected patients, but recent studies [2, 3, 4,] imply that the cleanliness of hospital surfaces and indoor air are also critical factors in the battle against infectious pathogens and fast-spreading epidemics.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch highlights in safety and security
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8130-6
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8129-0
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Research Highlights

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