Process simulation-based evaluation of design and operational implications of water-laid paper machine conversion to foam technology

Lotta Sorsamäki (Corresponding Author), Antti I. Koponen, Eemeli Hytönen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Foam forming technology has attracted much attention during the past few years in the paper industry. Its advantages compared to conventional water forming are a new product portfolio and increased process efficiency. To support the paper industry in pushing foam forming technology forward, process simulation is needed to provide supporting data for strategic decision-making and as a basis for equipment dimensioning. This study examined the conversion of an existing wallpaper machine from water to foam forming technology using process simulation. To determine the required process configuration and parameter changes in the existing process, both published and unpublished data on the foam forming process were collected. This paper also describes modeling of the foam phase in the selected simulation software. The suitability of existing paper process equipment for foam was analyzed. Simulations revealed that undisturbed operation with foam requires some equipment modifications and re-arrangements in water circuits. With foam forming, the water balance in both short and long circulation changes remarkably compared to conventional water forming, leading to a large increase in the long circulation volume flows.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5148-5186
Number of pages39
JournalBioResources
Volume16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Paper machine
  • foam forming
  • process simulation
  • water balance
  • process configuration

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